Integrin adhesion receptors play a vital role in cell function and development by mediating the adhesion of cells to other cells and to extracellular matrix proteins. In the immune system, the functional activity of integrins expressed on T lymphocytes is dynamically regulated by the activation state of the T cell in order to promote transient periods of adhesion that facilitate T cell trafficking and antigen recognition in tissue. Stimulation of the antigen-specific CD3/T cell receptor (TCP) complex initiates a signaling cascade that results in a rapid increase in the functional activity of beta l and beta 2 integrins without increases in integrin levels on the cell surface. TCR-mediated integrin activation can be mimicked by phorbol esters such as PMA, implicating effectors downstream of protein kinase C (PKC) in this process. During the prior funding period, we identified a novel adapter protein function for the PKC effector protein kinase D1 (PKD1) in PMA- and TCR-mediated enhancement of beta l integrin function that is associated with increased beta l integrin clustering and activation of the small GTPase Rap1. We propose that the carboxy-terminal end of the beta l integrin cytoplasmic domain regulates integrin function in response to T cell activation by nucleating the formation of a membrane-localized complex consisting of PKD1, Rap1 and the Rap1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor C3G that controls Rap1 activation and subsequent integrin clustering. We propose the use of novel in vitro cell systems and genetically modified mice in order to test this hypothesis and its relevance to T cell function during immune responses in intact animals.
In Aim 1, we will define the structural basis for interactions between the beta l integrin cytoplasmic domain and the PKD1/Rap1/C3G complex and determine if the beta l integrin tail is sufficient to control Rap1 activity.
In Aim 2, we will use conditional gene targeting and adoptive transfer approaches to define the function of beta l integrin expression in controlling integrin- dependent responses of T cells to antigen challenge in mice. We will specifically determine if beta2 integrin function is dependent on expression of a beta l integrin subunit that couples effectively to PKD1 and Rap1.
In Aim 3, we will use RNA interference and adenoviral-mediated gene transfer techniques to elucidate the function of PKD1 in regulating integrin function in vitro and T cell activation responses to antigen in vivo. Together, these studies will define a novel function for both PKD1 and the beta l integrin cytoplasmic domain in regulating integrin function in T cells and will enhance our ability to develop novel therapies that can specifically modulate T cell immune responses.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
3R01AI031126-21S1
Application #
8072946
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-ICI-G (01))
Program Officer
Dong, Gang
Project Start
2010-07-06
Project End
2011-06-30
Budget Start
2010-07-06
Budget End
2011-06-30
Support Year
21
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$141,449
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Department
Pathology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
555917996
City
Minneapolis
State
MN
Country
United States
Zip Code
55455
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DeNucci, Christopher C; Shimizu, Yoji (2011) ?1 integrin is critical for the maintenance of antigen-specific CD4 T cells in the bone marrow but not long-term immunological memory. J Immunol 186:4019-26
Srivastava, Rupa; Burbach, Brandon J; Shimizu, Yoji (2010) NF-kappaB activation in T cells requires discrete control of IkappaB kinase alpha/beta (IKKalpha/beta) phosphorylation and IKKgamma ubiquitination by the ADAP adapter protein. J Biol Chem 285:11100-5
DeNucci, Christopher C; Pagán, Antonio J; Mitchell, Jason S et al. (2010) Control of alpha4beta7 integrin expression and CD4 T cell homing by the beta1 integrin subunit. J Immunol 184:2458-67
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Gomez, Timothy S; Kumar, Karan; Medeiros, Ricardo B et al. (2007) Formins regulate the actin-related protein 2/3 complex-independent polarization of the centrosome to the immunological synapse. Immunity 26:177-90
Burbach, Brandon J; Medeiros, Ricardo B; Mueller, Kristen L et al. (2007) T-cell receptor signaling to integrins. Immunol Rev 218:65-81
Mueller, Kristen L; Thomas, Molly S; Burbach, Brandon J et al. (2007) Adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein (ADAP) positively regulates T cell sensitivity to antigen and T cell survival. J Immunol 179:3559-69

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