Elucidation of the mechanism by which proteins are sorted into the correct compartments is fundamental to our understanding of cell growth. Protein transport between intracellular compartments is mediated by membranous vesicles, and the rab/Ypt family of GTPases plays a major role in regulating the targeting of these vesicles in all eukaryotic cells. The long term goal of the project is to understand how vesicular transport operates and the specific role(s) that rab/Ypt GTPases have in its regulation. Mechanisms that underlie vesicle fusion are highly conserved between yeast and man. This proposal specifically addreses the function of Ypt GTPases in secretion, using Ypt1 of baker's yeast as a model. The proposed research will focus on proteins that interact with Ypt GTPases and the mechanisms by which they function as effectors or regulators. Existing as well as newly identified genes, will be examined for their role in protein transport analyzing potential secretory defects in mutants, and studying intracellular localization of their products. Overexpression studies will be used to distinguish putative regulators that modulate nucleotide cycling of Ypt1, from those that funciton as Ypt1 effectors, which typically do not affect this cycling. These genes will be used to address the following questions: 1) What are the roles of effector proteins of Ypt GTPases? Rab proteins, like other ras-related GTPases, are believed to function through the regulation of downstream effectors in a GTP-dependent manner, to transmit a signal from the GTP-bound form to the membrane docking and/or fusion apparatus. To determine the exact mechanism by which Ypt1 effectors function, the behavior of mutants in these genes will be examined with respect to visicle budding, targeting, uncoating or fusion, and the nature of their interaction with Ypt1. 2) What is the role of accessory factors that regulate nucleotide cycling of Ypt GTPases? Cycling between the GTP- and GDP-bound forms, facilitated by accessory factors, is considered crucial for rab function. However, little is known regarding how these factors find their rab targets of how they facilitate nucleotide exchange and hydrolysis. Putative regulators will be tested for these activities. To resolve issues concerning their spoecificity and mechanism of action, their interactions with Ypt and other proteins that funciton in secretion will be examined in vivo and in vitro. Finally, interaction among exocytic Ypt proteins themselves will be explored.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Microbial Physiology and Genetics Subcommittee 2 (MBC)
Program Officer
Shapiro, Bert I
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Chicago
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Zhou, Fan; Zou, Shenshen; Chen, Yong et al. (2017) A Rab5 GTPase module is important for autophagosome closure. PLoS Genet 13:e1007020
McElroy, Kyle A; Jung, Youngsook L; Zee, Barry M et al. (2017) upSET, the Drosophila homologue of SET3, Is Required for Viability and the Proper Balance of Active and Repressive Chromatin Marks. G3 (Bethesda) 7:625-635
Yan, Zhibo; Wang, Zhen-Guo; Segev, Nava et al. (2016) Rab11a Mediates Vascular Endothelial-Cadherin Recycling and Controls Endothelial Barrier Function. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 36:339-49
Lipatova, Zhanna; Majumdar, Uddalak; Segev, Nava (2016) Trs33-Containing TRAPP IV: A Novel Autophagy-Specific Ypt1 GEF. Genetics 204:1117-1128
Kim, Jane J; Lipatova, Zhanna; Segev, Nava (2016) TRAPP Complexes in Secretion and Autophagy. Front Cell Dev Biol 4:20
Kim, Jane J; Lipatova, Zhanna; Majumdar, Uddalak et al. (2016) Regulation of Golgi Cisternal Progression by Ypt/Rab GTPases. Dev Cell 36:440-52
Lipatova, Zhanna; Kim, Jane J; Segev, Nava (2015) Ypt1 and TRAPP interactions: optimization of multicolor bimolecular fluorescence complementation in yeast. Methods Mol Biol 1298:107-16
Lipatova, Zhanna; Hain, Adelaide U; Nazarko, Volodymyr Y et al. (2015) Ypt/Rab GTPases: principles learned from yeast. Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol 50:203-11
Lipatova, Zhanna; Segev, Nava (2015) A Role for Macro-ER-Phagy in ER Quality Control. PLoS Genet 11:e1005390
Chen, Yong; Zhou, Fan; Zou, Shenshen et al. (2014) A Vps21 endocytic module regulates autophagy. Mol Biol Cell 25:3166-77

Showing the most recent 10 out of 32 publications