Our overall objective is to determine how chromosome structure controls the repair of DMA double strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination and how the repair machinery contends with this structure. Recombinational repair of a DSB requires members of the Rad52 group of proteins (Rad51p, Rad52p, Rad54p, RadSO, Mre11p, Xrs2p, Rad55p, Rad57p, Rad59p), and recent biochemical studies have shown that Rad54p has ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling activity. An intact recombinational repair system is essential for genome stability, and inactivation of mammalian Rad54 leads to shortened telomeres and development of cancers. Our general strategy is to use a powerful combination of biochemical and yeast molecular genetic approaches to dissect the dynamics of yeast chromatin structure during the repair of DSBs. The first objective is to investigate changes in chromatin structure that occur following DSB formation and during DMA strand invasion in yeast. These studies will exploit Chromosome Conformation Capture (3C) analysis to test whether phosphorylation of histone H2AX alters chromatin structure surrounding a DSB. In addition, HO endonuclease will be used to create a single DNA double strand break in a set of yeast strains that harbor a novel, homologous donor sequence embedded between positioned nucleosomes. In the second aim biochemical studies are described to dissect the mechanism by which Rad54p facilitates invasion of a Rad51 p nucleoprotein filament into a nucleosomal donor. The third objective describes in vivo and in vitro studies that focus on the roles of the InoSO and Swr1 chromatin remodeling complexes in controlling the dynamics of histone H2AX phosphorylation during checkpoint adaptation and DSB repair.
The fourth aim will investigate the role of a novel casein kinase 2-dependent phosphorylation of histone H4 Serine 1 in DSB repair. ? ?

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
2R01GM054096-09
Application #
7033550
Study Section
Molecular Genetics A Study Section (MGA)
Program Officer
Carter, Anthony D
Project Start
1997-01-01
Project End
2010-02-28
Budget Start
2006-03-03
Budget End
2007-02-28
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2006
Total Cost
$316,103
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester
Department
Other Basic Sciences
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
603847393
City
Worcester
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
01655
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Adkins, Nicholas L; Swygert, Sarah G; Kaur, Parminder et al. (2017) Nucleosome-like, Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-Histone Octamer Complexes and the Implication for DNA Double Strand Break Repair. J Biol Chem 292:5271-5281
Xue, Yong; Pradhan, Suman K; Sun, Fei et al. (2017) Mot1, Ino80C, and NC2 Function Coordinately to Regulate Pervasive Transcription in Yeast and Mammals. Mol Cell 67:594-607.e4
Watanabe, Shinya; Tan, Dongyan; Lakshminarasimhan, Mahadevan et al. (2015) Structural analyses of the chromatin remodelling enzymes INO80-C and SWR-C. Nat Commun 6:7108
Van, Christopher; Williams, Jessica S; Kunkel, Thomas A et al. (2015) Deposition of histone H2A.Z by the SWR-C remodeling enzyme prevents genome instability. DNA Repair (Amst) 25:9-14
Bennett, Gwendolyn; Peterson, Craig L (2015) SWI/SNF recruitment to a DNA double-strand break by the NuA4 and Gcn5 histone acetyltransferases. DNA Repair (Amst) 30:38-45
Zhao, Huaying; Ghirlando, Rodolfo; Alfonso, Carlos et al. (2015) A multilaboratory comparison of calibration accuracy and the performance of external references in analytical ultracentrifugation. PLoS One 10:e0126420
Xue, Yong; Van, Christopher; Pradhan, Suman K et al. (2015) The Ino80 complex prevents invasion of euchromatin into silent chromatin. Genes Dev 29:350-5
Swygert, Sarah G; Peterson, Craig L (2014) Chromatin dynamics: interplay between remodeling enzymes and histone modifications. Biochim Biophys Acta 1839:728-36

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