Efforts in this proposal focus on determining the mechanisms of regulation of vertebrate myosin-I. Myosin-I isoforms are the single-headed, membrane-associated members of the myosin superfamily that are found in most eukaryotic cells. Myosin-Is comprise the largest unconventional myosin family found in humans (eight genes). The large size, diversity, and expression profile of vertebrate myosin-I isoforms distinguishes it as one of the most important classes of unconventional myosins. Myosin-Is play essential roles in membrane dynamics, cytoskeletal structure, mechanical signal-transduction, and endosome processing. However, very little is known about the cellular regulation of this important class of motors. Therefore our efforts in this proposal focus on understanding vertebrate myosin-I regulation. We will use a combination of cell biological, biophysical, and biochemical techniques to investigate the following specific aims: 1. Biochemical and cellular interactions of myosin-I with myosin-I binding proteins. In an exciting discovery, we found a family of EF-hand-containing myristoylated proteins that bind to myosin-I isoforms. We will investigate the binding of these proteins to myosin-I, and we will examine the role of these proteins in regulating the interaction of myosin-I with cellular membranes. 2. Biochemical and cellular interactions of myosin-I with lipid membranes. We will investigate the mechanism and regulation of myosin-I association with lipid membranes. We will investigate the ability of calcium to regulate the association of myosin-I with membranes, and we will investigate the ability of myosin-I to sequester lipids important for cellular signaling. 3. Microfilament-based regulation of myosin-I. We will investigate the ability of nonmuscle tropomyosin isoforms to regulate myosin-I. We will determine if tropomyosin isoforms differentially regulate myosin-I isoforms, and we will determine the relationship between myosin-I concentrations and tropomyosin regulation.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Cell Development and Function Integrated Review Group (CDF)
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Rodewald, Richard D
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University of Pennsylvania
Schools of Medicine
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Greenberg, Michael J; Shuman, Henry; Ostap, E Michael (2017) Measuring the Kinetic and Mechanical Properties of Non-processive Myosins Using Optical Tweezers. Methods Mol Biol 1486:483-509
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Shuman, Henry; Greenberg, Michael J; Zwolak, Adam et al. (2014) A vertebrate myosin-I structure reveals unique insights into myosin mechanochemical tuning. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:2116-21
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Zwolak, Adam; Yang, Changsong; Feeser, Elizabeth A et al. (2013) CARMIL leading edge localization depends on a non-canonical PH domain and dimerization. Nat Commun 4:2523

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