Loss of lung vascular barrier function and inflammatory cell infiltration are two cardinal features of acute lung injury (ALI). The project wil investigate the fundamental concept that endothelial focal adhesion kinase (FAK) modulates the increase in lung vascular permeability and the inflammatory response by suppressing intracellular Ca2+ rise. We will test the hypothesis that FAK induces microRNA-150 (miR-150) expression which targets the Ca2+ sensor, stromal interacting molecule 1 (STIM1). We postulate that STIM1 downregulation by this mechanism is crucial for blocking Ca2+ signaling in endothelial cells and thereby prevents disruption of lung vascular barrier and inflammation. To address this hypothesis, we have generated a novel tamoxifen-inducible endothelial cell (EC)-specific FAK knockout (EC-FAK-/-) as well as EC-STIM1-/- mouse models. We will address the following aims:
Aim #1, To define the role of FAK in regulating lung fluid balance and modulating lung inflammation using endothelial cell-specific FAK null mice;
Aim #2, To determine the role of FAK in suppressing STIM1 activity and thereby blocking Ca2+ entry signals mediating increased lung vascular permeability and inflammation;
and Aim #3, To define the role of miR-150 as an essential effector of FAK that targets STIM1 and thus prevents increased lung vascular permeability and inflammation. These studies will use a combination of imaging, genetic, and physiological approaches to develop a comprehensive and integrated picture of the role of endothelial FAK in regulating lung fluid homeostasis and inflammation. The results of these studies will have the potential of defining novel therapeutic targets directed against ALI.
Acute lung injury (ALI) characterized by plasma leakage, increased white blood cell influx and cytokine generation is a life threatening disease. Although great strides have been made in effectively supporting ALI patients, current treatment strategies have demonstrated limited success in preventing ALI. Therefore the search continues for more effective treatments to reduce the unacceptably high rate of mortality caused by ALI. Proposed studies will investigate the role of endothelial protein, focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in maintaining lung fluid homeostasis and moderating lung inflammatory injury. We hope these studies will offer novel insights and therapeutic targets that we think will lead to the developmen of more effective treatments with improved outcomes for patients suffering from ALI.
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|Komarova, Yulia A; Kruse, Kevin; Mehta, Dolly et al. (2017) Protein Interactions at Endothelial Junctions and Signaling Mechanisms Regulating Endothelial Permeability. Circ Res 120:179-206|
|Rajput, Charu; Tauseef, Mohammad; Farazuddin, Mohammad et al. (2016) MicroRNA-150 Suppression of Angiopoetin-2 Generation and Signaling Is Crucial for Resolving Vascular Injury. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 36:380-8|
|Yu, Hao; Kistler, Andreas; Faridi, Mohd Hafeez et al. (2016) Synaptopodin Limits TRPC6 Podocyte Surface Expression and Attenuates Proteinuria. J Am Soc Nephrol 27:3308-3319|
|Tauseef, Mohammad; Farazuddin, Mohammad; Sukriti, Sukriti et al. (2016) Transient receptor potential channel 1 maintains adherens junction plasticity by suppressing sphingosine kinase 1 expression to induce endothelial hyperpermeability. FASEB J 30:102-10|
|Di, Anke; Mehta, Dolly; Malik, Asrar B (2016) ROS-activated calcium signaling mechanisms regulating endothelial barrier function. Cell Calcium 60:163-71|
|Fernandez, Ruby A; Wan, Jun; Song, Shanshan et al. (2015) Upregulated expression of STIM2, TRPC6, and Orai2 contributes to the transition of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells from a contractile to proliferative phenotype. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 308:C581-93|
|Weber, Evan W; Han, Fei; Tauseef, Mohammad et al. (2015) TRPC6 is the endothelial calcium channel that regulates leukocyte transendothelial migration during the inflammatory response. J Exp Med 212:1883-99|
|Smith, Kimberly A; Voiriot, Guillaume; Tang, Haiyang et al. (2015) Notch Activation of Ca(2+) Signaling in the Development of Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction and Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 53:355-67|
|Rajasekaran, Subbiah; Tamatam, Chandramohan R; Potteti, Haranatha R et al. (2015) Visualization of Fra-1/AP-1 activation during LPS-induced inflammatory lung injury using fluorescence optical imaging. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 309:L414-24|
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