This proposal requests support for continuation of an eight-year longitudinal study, the """"""""Youth Development Study,"""""""" whose purpose is to assess the consequences of work experience during adolescence for early adult mental and physical health, socioeconomic achievement, and social/behavioral adjustment. Surveys have been administered each year since 1988 to a panel of young people, studies from the age of 14-15 to 21-22. This panel initially consisted of 1,000 ninth graders who were selected randomly from the St. Paul, Minnesota public schools; 77.6 percent have been retained through 8 years. It is proposed that this panel continue to be studied through the transition to adulthood, to the age of 26-27, to investigate the long-term consequences of adolescent work. There are two primary objectives. The first is to assess whether early work constitutes a source of stress resistance, """"""""steeling,"""""""" or protection in the face of subsequent life stressors, especially those encountered at work. Alternatively, early work experience could be a stress-sensitizing factor, if it occurred at a time when the adolescent was not developmentally ready. The second objective is to investigate whether early work experience fosters health-related outcomes by enhancing the development of human and social capital; or whether it detracts from early adult well being by curtailing post-secondary schooling, lessening attainment prospects, and hastening the transition to adulthood.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Research Project (R01)
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Study Section
Social and Group Processes Review Committee (SGP)
Program Officer
Boyce, Cheryl A
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University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Social Sciences
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick; Hitlin, Steven (2017) Family (Dis)Advantage and Life Course Expectations. Soc Forces 95:997-1022
Mortimer, Jeylan T; Zhang, Lei; Wu, Chen-Yu et al. (2017) Familial Transmission of Educational Plans and the Academic Self-Concept: A Three-Generation Longitudinal Study. Soc Psychol Q 80:85-107
McLaughlin, Heather; Uggen, Christopher; Blackstone, Amy (2017) THE ECONOMIC AND CAREER EFFECTS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT ON WORKING WOMEN. Gend Soc 31:333-358
Mortimer, Jeylan T; Kim, Minzee; Staff, Jeremy et al. (2016) Unemployment, Parental Help, and Self-Efficacy During the Transition to Adulthood. Work Occup 43:434-465
Vuolo, Mike; Mortimer, Jeylan T; Staff, Jeremy (2016) The value of educational degrees in turbulent economic times: Evidence from the Youth Development Study. Soc Sci Res 57:233-52
Eliason, Scott R; Mortimer, Jeylan T; Vuolo, Mike (2015) The Transition to Adulthood: Life Course Structures and Subjective Perceptions. Soc Psychol Q 78:205-227
Mitchell, Lauren L; Syed, Moin (2015) Does College Matter for Emerging Adulthood? Comparing Developmental Trajectories of Educational Groups. J Youth Adolesc 44:2012-27
Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick; Mortimer, Jeylan T (2015) Reinforcement or Compensation? The Effects of Parents' Work and Financial Conditions on Adolescents' Work Values during the Great Recession. J Vocat Behav 87:89-100
Hitlin, Steven; Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick (2015) Reconceptualizing Agency within the Life Course: The Power of Looking Ahead. AJS 120:1429-72
Vuolo, Mike; Mortimer, Jeylan T; Staff, Jeremy (2014) Adolescent Precursors of Pathways from School to Work. J Res Adolesc 24:145-162

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