HIV/AIDS is the eighth cause of death for the Puerto Rican population and the third cause of death in women of reproductive age. Fifty two percent of the women report being infected through heterosexual transmission. The objective of this proposal is to strengthen a pilot intervention (Intervention Study #1) currently being undertaken with 60 young sexually active heterosexual Puerto Rican women in the San Juan Metropolitan Area. This proposal will focus on: (a) revising the intervention and materials according to evaluation results, (b) further development of the espoused theoretical model, (c) revising and validating instruments used in intervention Study #1 and integrating other measures attuned to the revised intervention (Intervention Study #2), (d) implementing and evaluating Intervention Study #2 with 240 sexually active women. 120 of which have steady partners and 120 of which do not, and (e) evaluating long-term effects of both interventions. This will include (a) revising, adapting and including measures, (b) revising the Manual developed in Intervention Study #1, (c) implementing the intervention, and (d) evaluating the intervention's short and longer term impact on: (l) increased awareness of the power relationships between the women and their sexual partners; (2) the development of negotiation and conflict management skills, (3) the effectiveness of their social support networks, (4) the relationship between varied emotions and their negotiation skills and (5) the reduction of their risk of infection index.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Resource-Related Research Projects (R24)
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University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras
San Juan
United States
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Pérez-Jiménez, David; Seal, David Wyatt; Ronis, David L (2014) A Pilot Intervention to Promote Safer Sex in Heterosexual Puerto Rican Couples. Couple Family Psychol 3:193-206
Reyes-Rodriguez, Mae Lynn; Rivera-Medina, Carmen L; Camara-Fuentes, Luis et al. (2013) Depression symptoms and stressful life events among college students in Puerto Rico. J Affect Disord 145:324-30
Pérez-Jiménez, David; Orengo-Aguayo, Rosaura E (2012) Rev Puertorriquena Psicol 23:48-61
Bauermeister, José J; Barkley, Russell A; Bauermeister, José A et al. (2012) Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo, inattention, and hyperactivity symptom dimensions: neuropsychological and psychosocial correlates. J Abnorm Child Psychol 40:683-97
Pérez-Jiménez, David; Orengo-Aguayo, Rosaura E (2011) Qualitative analysis of an educational intervention with HIV-discordant heterosexual Latino couples. P R Health Sci J 30:188-94
Rivera-Medina, Carmen L; Caraballo, José Noel; Rodríguez-Cordero, Elí R et al. (2010) Factor structure of the CES-D and measurement invariance across gender for low-income Puerto Ricans in a probability sample. J Consult Clin Psychol 78:398-408
Hernandez-Hernandez, Alberto L; Perez-Jimenez, David (2010) [Barriers and Facilitators in the Recruitment and Retention of Heterosexual Couples for Preventive Interventions.] Interam J Psychol 44:19-27
Pérez-Jiménez, David; Escabí Montalvo, Aracelis; Del Carmen Cabrera Aponte, María (2010) Desarrollo de una intervención grupal para la prevención del VIH en parejas heterosexuales. Rev Puertorriquena Psicol 21:7-34
Bernal, Guillermo; Ortiz-Torres, Blanca (2009) Barriers to research and capacity building at Hispanic-serving institutions: the case of HIV/AIDS research at the University of Puerto Rico. Am J Public Health 99 Suppl 1:S60-5
Del Carmen Cabrera-Aponte, Maria; Perez-Jimenez, David; Serrano-Garcia, Irma et al. (2009) Genero y Practicas Sexuales: Su Rol en la Prevencion del VIH/SIDA. Cienc Conducta 24:1-20

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