The broad objective of this research proposal is to advance understanding of thyroid physiology through study of genetic defects at key regulatory processes. More specifically, research is centered on the mediation of thyroid hormone (TH) effects by studying syndromes of reduced sensitivity to TH due to defects in cell membrane transport, metabolism and action caused by mutations in the MCT8 (monocarboxylate transporter), SBP2 (selenocysteine insertion sequence binding protein) and TR (nuclear TH receptor) or cofactors genes, respectively. These defects will be studied with a triple approach, clinical (in-vivo), tissue (in- vitro) and animal (genetically engineered mice) that complement and compensate for limitations inherent in each. 1). Clinical studies will correlate the central and peripheral tissue responses to the administration of the active TH, Ta and its precursor thyroxine (T,4) in order to determine organ and cell specific TH transport and metabolism. 2). Patient's fibroblasts, propagated in culture, will serve for the direct examination of iodothyronine specific transport across the cell membrane and their intracellular metabolism. The role of SBP2 in the hierarchy of selenoprotein synthesis will also be studied. Microarray analysis of TH action in fibroblasts will serve to identify differences in subjects with and without TRR gene mutations, in order to uncover the etiology of resistance to TH in the absence of TRB gene mutations and identify important cofactors. 3). Mice deficient in the Mct8 gene will serve to study in depth the thyroid and brain abnormalities responsible for the manifestations of MCT8 defects in man. Behavior and motor function will be tested, and central nervous system morphology will be examined by in-situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. The discrepancy between the magnitude of thyroid and psychomotor disorders will be investigated to determine if they are causally linked. Mice with strain dependent differences in TH sensitivity will serve to identify putative modifiers of TH action. 4). Various means will be tested to revert or diminish the psychomotor defect of Mct8 deficiency. TH hormone will be given to Mct8 deficient mice at crucial stages of fetal development. TH conjugated to creatine will serve to deliver the hormone to brain through the creatine transporter, thus bypassing the TH transport defect. Selenium supplementation will be used in an attempt to increase the selenoprotein levels in SBP2 defects. Practical Significance: Clinical studies will characterize the phenotypes caused by these genetic defects, establishing criteria for genetic testing. Early identification of mutations will provide prenatal diagnosis and the basis for genetic counseling, particularly in MCT8 defects producing incapacitating illness in male offspring. Successful development of prenatal treatment would rescue affected males from this severe handicap. The prenatal detection of unaffected fetuses carried by women with TRS mutations will provide the option of early treatment.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Method to Extend Research in Time (MERIT) Award (R37)
Project #
3R37DK015070-38S2
Application #
8049871
Study Section
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology Study Section (MCE)
Program Officer
Mckeon, Catherine T
Project Start
2010-07-01
Project End
2011-06-30
Budget Start
2010-07-01
Budget End
2011-06-30
Support Year
38
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$156,000
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Chicago
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
005421136
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60637
Bellelli, Roberto; Vitagliano, Donata; Federico, Giorgia et al. (2018) Oncogene-induced senescence and its evasion in a mouse model of thyroid neoplasia. Mol Cell Endocrinol 460:24-35
Cangul, Hakan; Liao, Xiao-Hui; Schoenmakers, Erik et al. (2018) Homozygous loss-of-function mutations in SLC26A7 cause goitrous congenital hypothyroidism. JCI Insight 3:
Watanabe, Y; Sharwood, E; Goodwin, B et al. (2018) A novel mutation in the TG gene (G2322S) causing congenital hypothyroidism in a Sudanese family: a case report. BMC Med Genet 19:69
Srichomkwun, Panudda; Anselmo, João; Liao, Xiao-Hui et al. (2017) Fetal Exposure to High Maternal Thyroid Hormone Levels Causes Central Resistance to Thyroid Hormone in Adult Humans and Mice. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 102:3234-3240
Grasberger, Helmut; Refetoff, Samuel (2017) Resistance to thyrotropin. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 31:183-194
Pappa, Theodora; Moeller, Lars C; Edidin, Deborah V et al. (2017) A Novel Mutation in the TBG Gene Producing Partial Thyroxine-Binding Globulin Deficiency (Glencoe) Identified in 2 Families. Eur Thyroid J 6:138-142
Turgeon, Marc-Olivier; Silander, Tanya L; Doycheva, Denica et al. (2017) TRH Action Is Impaired in Pituitaries of Male IGSF1-Deficient Mice. Endocrinology 158:815-830
Srichomkwun, Panudda; Scherberg, Neal H; Jakši?, Jasminka et al. (2017) Diagnostic Dilemma in Discordant Thyroid Function Tests Due to Thyroid Hormone Autoantibodies. AACE Clin Case Rep 3:e22-e25
Pappa, Theodora; Anselmo, João; Mamanasiri, Sunnee et al. (2017) Prenatal Diagnosis of Resistance to Thyroid Hormone and Its Clinical Implications. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 102:3775-3782
Leitch, Victoria D; Di Cosmo, Caterina; Liao, Xiao-Hui et al. (2017) An Essential Physiological Role for MCT8 in Bone in Male Mice. Endocrinology 158:3055-3066

Showing the most recent 10 out of 230 publications