The purpose of the training program is to provide systematic predoctoral and postdoctoral research training into the biobehavioral and psychosocial factors involved in the pathogenesis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases as well as the prevention of such diseases in high risk populations. Research training is also offered for study of neural, hormonal and immunological mechanisms that may link biobehavioral variables to cardiovascular pathology. To a large extent training is coordinated with several extramurally funded NIH NHLBI grants, including a program project, """"""""Biobehavioral Bases of CHD Risk and Management,"""""""" and multiple R01 grants. Much of our research focuses upon biobehavioral factors that are associated with CHD risk and/or management. Thus, in one project conducted on adolescents with persistently elevated blood pressure, we are examining the effects of a behavioral intervention involving diet, exercise and stress management group counseling on cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., lipid profiles, adiposity, inflammatory markers) and putative subclinical markers of disease (e.g., left ventricular mass, endothelial function). In another project using similar counseling in acute myocardial infarction patients randomized into an intervention or control condition, we are examining the effects of counseling on biological risk factors (e.go, lipids, adiposity, coagulation factors) and possible subclinical markers of disease (e.g., carotid intima-media thickness, coronary calcification). In still another project conducted on Watanabe Heritable Hyperlipidemic Rabbits (WHHL) we are assessing the role of oxytocin in the regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary adrenocortical and sympathetic nervous system activity in relation to the progression of behaviorally-related atherosclerosis. Although emphasis at both the pre- and post-doctoral level is upon research, available didactic training includes multiple courses in advanced graduate statistics as well as courses in psychophysiology, behavioral medicine, psychological assessment and biobehavioral interventions in physical disorders, and a specialized seminar in biobehavioral bases of cardiovascular regulation. Coursework is also available in cardiovascular physiology, molecular pharmacology, epidemiology, integrative neuroscience, neuroanatomy, etc. Both pre- and post-doctoral trainees usually undergo rotations through our program project cores in Clinical Physiology, Endocrinology and Metabolism and Statistics/Data Management. Additional hands-on training takes place through the General Clinical Research Center.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32HL007426-29
Application #
7258333
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-G (F1))
Program Officer
Kaufmann, Peter G
Project Start
1994-07-01
Project End
2009-06-30
Budget Start
2007-07-01
Budget End
2008-06-30
Support Year
29
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$318,865
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Miami Coral Gables
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
625174149
City
Coral Gables
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
33146
Elfassy, Tali; Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin; Van Horn, Linda et al. (2018) Associations of Sodium and Potassium with Obesity Measures Among Diverse US Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Obesity (Silver Spring) 26:442-450
Elfassy, Tali; Glymour, M Maria; Kershaw, Kiarri N et al. (2018) Association Between Sustained Poverty and Changes in Body Mass Index, 1990-2015: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Am J Epidemiol 187:1240-1249
Garcia, Karin A; Wohlgemuth, William K; Ferrannini, Ele et al. (2018) Sleeping oxygen saturation, rapid eye movement sleep, and the adaptation of postprandial metabolic function in insulin sensitive and resistant individuals without diabetes. Physiol Behav 191:123-130
Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina; Elfassy, Tali; Carnethon, Mercedes R et al. (2017) Heart Rate Variability and Cognitive Function In Middle-Age Adults: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults. Am J Hypertens 31:27-34
Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina; Mayeda, Elizabeth Rose; Elfassy, Tali et al. (2017) Perceived Walking Speed, Measured Tandem Walk, Incident Stroke, and Mortality in Older Latino Adults: A Prospective Cohort Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 72:676-682
Holliday, Katelyn M; Lin, Dan Yu; Chakladar, Sujatro et al. (2017) Targeting physical activity interventions for adults: When should intervention occur? Prev Med 97:13-18
Reina, Samantha A; Llabre, Maria M; Vidot, Denise C et al. (2017) Metabolic Syndrome in Hispanic Youth: Results from the Hispanic Community Children's Health Study/Study of Latino Youth. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 15:400-406
Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina; Elfassy, Tali; Sidney, Stephen et al. (2017) Sustained Economic Hardship and Cognitive Function: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Am J Prev Med 52:1-9
Perera, Marisa J; Brintz, Carrie E; Birnbaum-Weitzman, Orit et al. (2017) Factor structure of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS) across English and Spanish language responders in the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Psychol Assess 29:320-328
Elfassy, Tali; Yi, Stella S; Llabre, Maria M et al. (2017) Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and cross-sectional associations with obesity and urinary biomarkers of diet among New York City adults: the heart follow-up study. BMJ Open 7:e018566

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