CJ-DATS 2 calls for research on the process of diffusion (i.e., adopting, implementing and sustaining new treatment interventions), and on the efficacy of innovative implementation strategies. The goal of this application is to provide knowledge about the implementation of evidence-based drug abuse services in criminal justice settings. The investigators, an experienced and productive investigative team from CJ-DATS 1, have been engaged in studies to improve the implementation of research-based practices and the overall quality of drug abuse treatment for two decades. The investigative team will use the TCU Program Change model as its conceptual framework since this model is specifically concerned with transferring research on substance abuse treatment into practice. Recognizing the need to understand issues in achieving organizational change, the proposed research employs organizational measures consistent with the TCU model (e.g., readiness to change, organizational culture and climate) as well as measures of extent, fidelity and maintenance of implementation in order to understand the efficacy of the implementation strategy introduced. Each of the two studies proposed focuses on an evidence-based practice from CJ-DATS 1: (1) the Co-Occurring Disorders Screening Instruments (CODSIs) developed and validated by the investigative team, and (2) Transitional Case Management (TCM), designed to encourage successful reentry of offender clients. Both of these evidence-based practices face barriers to being widely implemented. Thus, the studies employ and test (using randomized experiments) innovative implementation interventions specific to each research concept. For CODSI, consensus building workshops will be employed to engage all organization staff in a common understanding and plan for action. For TCM, longitudinal strategic planning will be used to foster continuing attention to issues of incorporating change. If successful, the particular significance to implementation science will be the accumulation of evidence supporting the use of these strategies to promote the implementation of evidence-based practice.

Public Health Relevance

Improving the ability of correctional and behavioral health treatment agencies to use more effective implementation strategies has considerable potential for reducing the societal and personal effects of relapse to substance use, recurrence of mental health symptoms, engaging in HIV risk behaviors, the commission of new crimes and subsequent re-incarceration.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDA1-MXS-M (11))
Program Officer
Jones, Dionne
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
National Development & Research Institutes
New York
United States
Zip Code
Prendergast, Michael; Welsh, Wayne N; Stein, Lynda et al. (2017) Influence of Organizational Characteristics on Success in Implementing Process Improvement Goals in Correctional Treatment Settings. J Behav Health Serv Res 44:625-646
Belenko, Steven; Dembo, Richard; Copenhaver, Michael et al. (2016) HIV Stigma in Prisons and Jails: Results from a Staff Survey. AIDS Behav 20:71-84
Friedmann, Peter D; Wilson, Donna; Knudsen, Hannah K et al. (2015) Effect of an organizational linkage intervention on staff perceptions of medication-assisted treatment and referral intentions in community corrections. J Subst Abuse Treat 50:50-8
Visher, Christy A; Yang, Yang; Mitchell, Shannon G et al. (2015) Understanding the sustainability of implementing HIV services in criminal justice settings. Health Justice 3:5
Welsh, Wayne N; Lin, Hsiu-Ju; Peters, Roger H et al. (2015) Effects of a strategy to improve offender assessment practices: Staff perceptions of implementation outcomes. Drug Alcohol Depend 152:230-8
Mitchell, Shannon Gwin; Willett, Jennifer; Swan, Holly et al. (2015) Defining Success: Insights From a Random Assignment, Multisite Study of Implementing HIV Prevention, Testing, and Linkage to Care in U.S. Jails and Prisons. AIDS Educ Prev 27:432-45
Swan, Holly; Hiller, Matthew L; Albizu-GarcĂ­a, Carmen E et al. (2015) Efficacy of a Process Improvement Intervention on Inmate Awareness of HIV Services: A Multi-Site Trial. Health Justice 3:11
Visher, Christy A; Hiller, Matthew; Belenko, Steven et al. (2014) The effect of a local change team intervention on staff attitudes towards HIV service delivery in correctional settings: a randomized trial. AIDS Educ Prev 26:411-28
Shafer, Michael S; Prendergast, Michael; Melnick, Gerald et al. (2014) A cluster randomized trial of an organizational process improvement intervention for improving the assessment and case planning of offenders: a Study Protocol. Health Justice 2:
Pearson, Frank S; Shafer, Michael S; Dembo, Richard et al. (2014) Efficacy of a process improvement intervention on delivery of HIV services to offenders: a multisite trial. Am J Public Health 104:2385-91

Showing the most recent 10 out of 20 publications