In our current IPCAVD program (U19 AI096040), we have developed alternative serotype adenovirus vectors, bioinformatically optimized HIV-1 mosaic antigens, and stable Env gp140 protein immunogens. We have shown that the Ad26-Env/Gag/Pol prime, Env gp140 protein boost (Ad26/Env) vaccine afforded unprecedented protective efficacy against acquisition of infection following heterologous SIVmac251 challenges in rhesus monkeys, as well as robust protection against SHIV-SF162P3 challenges. Protection correlated with polyfunctional antibody responses as determined by systems serology. We have also advanced the Ad26/Env, Ad26/MVA, and Ad26/MVA/Env mosaic vaccines into phase 1/2a clinical trials in the United States, East Africa, South Africa, and Thailand. Over the next 5 years of this IPCAVD program, we propose to define the extent and mechanism of protection achieved by our lead Ad26/Env vaccine regimen in rhesus monkeys, to advance our lead vaccine regimen into phase 2b/3 efficacy studies in humans, and to develop an improved next generation HIV-1 vaccine candidate. In this Project, we hypothesize that our current Ad26/Env mosaic vaccine as well as simplified vaccine regimens will protect against SHIVs derived from diverse clades by a consistent mechanism involving polyfunctional non-neutralizing antibodies. We further hypothesize that a next generation HIV-1 vaccine candidate that elicits augmented NAb magnitude and breadth will improve protective efficacy against SHIV challenges in rhesus monkeys. To test these hypotheses we propose the following Specific Aims:
Specific Aim 1. To define the protective efficacy and protective mechanism of our Ad26/Env mosaic vaccine and simplified vaccine regimens against SHIVs derived from diverse clades in rhesus monkeys Specific Aim 2. To develop an improved HIV-1 vaccine strategy that elicits augmented NAb responses in rhesus monkeys

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Program--Cooperative Agreements (U19)
Project #
5U19AI128751-03
Application #
9853727
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2020-02-01
Budget End
2021-01-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2020
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Department
Type
DUNS #
071723621
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02215
Barouch, Dan H; Tomaka, Frank L; Wegmann, Frank et al. (2018) Evaluation of a mosaic HIV-1 vaccine in a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1/2a clinical trial (APPROACH) and in rhesus monkeys (NHP 13-19). Lancet 392:232-243
Badamchi-Zadeh, Alexander; Moynihan, Kelly D; Larocca, Rafael A et al. (2018) Combined HDAC and BET Inhibition Enhances Melanoma Vaccine Immunogenicity and Efficacy. J Immunol 201:2744-2752
Alter, Galit; Barouch, Dan (2018) Immune Correlate-Guided HIV Vaccine Design. Cell Host Microbe 24:25-33
Bricault, Christine A; Kovacs, James M; Badamchi-Zadeh, Alexander et al. (2018) Neutralizing Antibody Responses following Long-Term Vaccination with HIV-1 Env gp140 in Guinea Pigs. J Virol :
Whitney, James B; Lim, So-Yon; Osuna, Christa E et al. (2018) Prevention of SIVmac251 reservoir seeding in rhesus monkeys by early antiretroviral therapy. Nat Commun 9:5429
Borducchi, Erica N; Liu, Jinyan; Nkolola, Joseph P et al. (2018) Antibody and TLR7 agonist delay viral rebound in SHIV-infected monkeys. Nature 563:360-364
Barouch, Dan H (2018) A step forward for HIV vaccines. Lancet HIV 5:e338-e339