In response to RFA-CA-09-032, the Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research, and Training (AANCART) proposes to create the National Center for Reducing Asian American Cancer Health Disparities entitled AANCART: The National Center. This Center, led by academic and community Principal investigators, will use a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to achieve its Specific Aims: 1) Build a National Center to conduct outreach, research, and training based on the network of community-academic partnerships created by AANCART in the preceding 9 years as an NCI-funded Community Network Program, which has generated many significant accomplishments and established trust in the community;2) Outreach to communities to reduce cancer disparities and related co-morbid conditions among Asian Americans;3) Conduct, foster, and disseminate evidence-based intervention Research to reduce the unnecessary cancer burden confronting Asian Americans;4) Train and nurture new and early stage CBPR investigators to submit peer-reviewed proposals and obtain funding to conduct research to reduce health disparities. This U54 application shows: 1) How the Center is administratively organized;2) How the Outreach Program will be implemented among 4 Asian American populations in California and Hawaii by creating and increasing access to culturally appropriate, linguistically-specific, and evidence-based materials designed to increase knowledge about cancer and the use of beneficial preventive procedures;3) How a 5-year Full Research Project will develop, implement, evaluate, and disseminate the results of a cluster randomized controlled trial of the efficacy of lay health educators to promote colorectal cancer screening among 4 Asian American groups (Filipinos, Hmong, Korean, and Vietnamese) in 4 regions (Honolulu, Los Angeles, Sacramento, &San Francisco) and how a 2-year Pilot Research Project will assess cognitive &cultural perspectives among Chinese Americans regarding biospecimen collection;and 4) How a Training Program will develop new and early stage investigators by combining individualized mentoring plans, scheduled seminars, and a curriculum linked to the NIH Clinical &Translational Science Awards.

Public Health Relevance

This application focuses on reducing the unique, unusual, and unnecessary cancer disparities that confront Asian Americans through well-conceived plans in outreach, research, and training. Asian Americans have experienced a higher population growth rate than others, in percentage terms, and are predicted to experience a triple digit increase in invasive cancers by 2030.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
3U54CA153499-04S1
Application #
8717085
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-PCRB-G (M1))
Program Officer
Ogunbiyi, Peter
Project Start
2010-09-13
Project End
2015-08-31
Budget Start
2013-09-01
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$112,000
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California Davis
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
047120084
City
Davis
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
95618
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Mukherjea, Arnab; Modayil, Mary V; Tong, Elisa K (2018) Moving toward a true depiction of tobacco behavior among Asian Indians in California: Prevalence and factors associated with cultural smokeless tobacco product use. Cancer 124 Suppl 7:1607-1613
Nguyen-Dinh, Song-Huy; Do, Albert; Pham, Trang Ngoc Doan et al. (2018) High burden of hepatocellular carcinoma and viral hepatitis in Southern and Central Vietnam: Experience of a large tertiary referral center, 2010 to 2016. World J Hepatol 10:116-123
Fagan, Pebbles; Pokhrel, Pallav; Herzog, Thaddeus A et al. (2018) Warning Statements and Safety Practices Among Manufacturers and Distributors of Electronic Cigarette Liquids in the United States. Nicotine Tob Res 20:970-976
Check, Devon K; Chawla, Neetu; Kwan, Marilyn L et al. (2018) Understanding racial/ethnic differences in breast cancer-related physical well-being: the role of patient-provider interactions. Breast Cancer Res Treat 170:593-603
Chen Jr, Moon S; Chow, Edward A; Nguyen, Tung T (2018) The Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research, and Training (AANCART)'s contributions toward reducing Asian American cancer health disparities, 2000-2017. Cancer 124 Suppl 7:1527-1534
Saw, Anne; Paterniti, Debora A; Fung, Lei-Chun et al. (2018) Perspectives of Chinese American smoker and nonsmoker household pairs about the creating smokefree living together program. Cancer 124 Suppl 7:1599-1606
Fang, Dao M; Stewart, Susan L (2018) Social-cultural, traditional beliefs, and health system barriers of hepatitis B screening among Hmong Americans: A case study. Cancer 124 Suppl 7:1576-1582
Cuaresma, Charlene F; Sy, Angela U; Nguyen, Tung T et al. (2018) Results of a lay health education intervention to increase colorectal cancer screening among Filipino Americans: A cluster randomized controlled trial. Cancer 124 Suppl 7:1535-1542
Saw, Anne; Steltenpohl, Crystal N; Bankston-Lee, Kimberly et al. (2018) A Community-Based ""Street Team"" Tobacco Cessation Intervention by and for Youth and Young Adults. J Community Health 43:383-390

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