Introduction: With increasing availability of pathogen genetic and especially whole-genome sequence data, there is a pressing need for analytical tools and innovative approaches to make use of them. In particular, methods for using genomic data to make inferences about transmission chains and pathogen evolution under selection by host immunity, vaccines, and antibiotics, are still in their infancy. These questions are fundamentally different from the types of questions asked when examining one sequence at a time, which illuminate the biology of conserved aspects of infection and pathogenesis. Population genomic studies shed light on population heterogeneity in the pathogen, its consequences and causes. These inferences naturally lend themselves to the estimation of parameters for transmission-dynamic models and, even more fundamentally, to the determination of how such models should be structured, and the testing of their predictions. To date, using MIDAS and non-MIDAS funding for analytic efforts, and non-MIDAS funding for the costs of sequencing, we have made a number of significant discoveries over the last five years using pathogen population genomics and genetics, and we have identified many opportunities to improve and expand methods over the next five years, as well as to apply existing methods to significant questions of biology and epidemiology.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54GM088558-07
Application #
8930708
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZGM1-BBCB-5)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2015-09-01
Budget End
2016-08-31
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2015
Total Cost
$59,498
Indirect Cost
$22,657
Name
Harvard University
Department
Type
DUNS #
149617367
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
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