This is a longitudinal, observational study, which does not include any intervention. There are three study groups. The first group consists of BLSA participants without known coronary disease;the second consists of individuals with a coronary artery calcium score less than the 25th percentile for their age and gender;the third group consists of individuals with premature coronary artery disease (diagnosis made at age <60 in females and <50 in males) or with a coronary calcium score which is greater than the 50th percentile for their age and gender. Participants in the second and third group listed above are recruited from the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Recruitment into these groups has been on or ahead of schedule, and we are ready to begin the longitudinal component of the study. Recruitment into the first group is performed at the National Institute on Aging. The past year saw a marked improvement in our ability to recruit these volunteers, and we hope to continue this trend. To reach our goal, we have set a target of approximately 10 BLSA participants per month.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Investigator-Initiated Intramural Research Projects (ZIA)
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National Institute on Aging
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Mynard, Jonathan P; Wasserman, Bruce A; Steinman, David A (2013) Errors in the estimation of wall shear stress by maximum Doppler velocity. Atherosclerosis 227:259-66
Qiao, Ye; Steinman, David A; Etesami, Maryam et al. (2013) Impact of T2 decay on carotid artery wall thickness measurements. J Magn Reson Imaging 37:1493-8
Hoi, Yiemeng; Wasserman, Bruce A; Lakatta, Edward G et al. (2010) Carotid bifurcation hemodynamics in older adults: effect of measured versus assumed flow waveform. J Biomech Eng 132:071006
Hoi, Yiemeng; Wasserman, Bruce A; Xie, Yuanyuan J et al. (2010) Characterization of volumetric flow rate waveforms at the carotid bifurcations of older adults. Physiol Meas 31:291-302