Infectious diseases are the biggest killers of children in Pakistan, causing 60% of all child deaths under 5 years of age. Neonatal infections (15%), diarrheal illnesses (18%), and pneumonia (21%) cause over 50% of all child deaths in Pakistan (WHO). Pakistan also harbours the highest numbers of poliomyelitis cases in the world, threatening global eradication goals. Although the infectious morbidity and mortality is huge, until this Fogarty-supported program was established in 2007, Pakistan had no formal training programs in infectious diseases, and a tremendous shortage of individuals with the requisite skills to conduct independent research in infectious diseases affecting Pakistani children. The Department of Pediatrics and Child Health at the Aga Khan University in Karachi has a well-established research program relevant to improving child health and survival in developing countries. In collaboration with colleagues at Emory and CDC in Atlanta, AKU can offer unique training opportunities in infectious diseases to Pakistani trainees. The long-term aim is to prepare a cadre of individuals who will provide the evidence, leadership, and enthusiasm needed to reduce the burden of childhood infections of major public health importance in Pakistan and other developing countries. The Infectious Diseases and Child Health in Pakistan (IDCHIP) Research Training Program will provide opportunities for structured long- and short-term training (degree and non-degree course work and mentored research) with particular focus on (i) vaccine-preventable illnesses and, (ii) neonatal infections. Building research skills in these two areas has particular relevance for infectious disease control and reducing infectious disease-related child mortality in Pakistan. Research training areas will include: polio eradication, sustainable introduction of new vaccines against diarrhea (rotavirus vaccine) and pneumonia (pneumococcal vaccines), measles elimination, optimizing immunization programs;and epidemiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of neonatal infections. Long-term graduate training will be conducted in Pakistan, with short-term training options at Emory and CDC utilized for advanced skills development. A larger group of trainees from Pakistan will also benefit from specialized training in research methodology and research management. Non-technical Summary: Pakistan has a very high burden of infectious disease-related child deaths as well as crippling diseases such as polio. This training program will equip individuals will research skills necessary to reduce the burden of infections in newborn babies and vaccine- preventable childhood illnesses.
Pakistan has a very high burden of infectious disease-related child deaths as well as crippling diseases such as polio. This training program will equip individuals will research skills necessary to reduce the burden of infections in newborns and vaccine- preventable illnesses in Pakistan.
|Qamar, Farah Naz; Nisar, Muhammad Imran; Quadri, Farheen et al. (2016) Aeromonas-Associated Diarrhea in Children Under 5 Years: The GEMS Experience. Am J Trop Med Hyg 95:774-780|
|Owais, Aatekah; Kleinbaum, David G; Suchdev, Parminder S et al. (2016) Household food security and infant feeding practices in rural Bangladesh. Public Health Nutr 19:1875-81|
|Shakoor, Sadia; Reller, Megan E; LeFevre, Amnesty et al. (2016) Diagnostic methods to determine microbiology of postpartum endometritis in South Asia: laboratory methods protocol used in the Postpartum Sepsis Study: a prospective cohort study. Reprod Health 13:15|
|Owais, Aatekah; Schwartz, Benjamin; Kleinbaum, David G et al. (2016) Minimum Acceptable Diet at 9 Months but Not Exclusive Breastfeeding at 3 Months or Timely Complementary Feeding Initiation Is Predictive of Infant Growth in Rural Bangladesh. PLoS One 11:e0165128|
|Alam, Amna; Qureshi, Sohail A; VinjÃ©, Jan et al. (2016) Genetic characterization of norovirus strains in hospitalized children from Pakistan. J Med Virol 88:216-23|
|Jehan, Fyezah; Nisar, Muhammad Imran; Kerai, Salima et al. (2016) A double blind community-based randomized trial of amoxicillin versus placebo for fast breathing pneumonia in children aged 2-59 months in Karachi, Pakistan (RETAPP). BMC Infect Dis 16:13|
|Qamar, Farah Naz; Zaman, Umber; Quadri, Farheen et al. (2016) Predictors of diarrheal mortality and patterns of caregiver health seeking behavior in in Karachi, Pakistan. J Glob Health 6:020406|
|Qamar, Farah Naz; Azmatullah, Asma; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A (2015) Challenges in measuring complications and death due to invasive Salmonella infections. Vaccine 33 Suppl 3:C16-20|
|Mir, Fazia; Bechtold, Matthew L; Holly, Jason-Scott L et al. (2015) Image of the Month. Celiac disease presenting with acquired acrodermatitis enteropathica. Am J Gastroenterol 110:1396|
|Ali, Asad; Kazi, Abdul Momin; Cortese, Margaret M et al. (2015) Correction: Impact of Withholding Breastfeeding at the Time of Vaccination on the Immunogenicity of Oral Rotavirus Vaccine-A Randomized Trial. PLoS One 10:e0145568|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 42 publications