Using data from a nested longitudinal case-control study on workplace violence, this proposal will be among the first to examine prospectively the role of alcohol as both predictor and consequence of significantly distinct yet interrelated forms of violence against women, intimate partner violence and workplace violence. Although there is an ample literature attesting to the strong positive association between violent victimization and alcohol abuse, an over-reliance on cross-sectional data may mask the temporality of this relationship as well as potential social and behavioral predictors of both alcohol abuse and violence revictimization. This study will use longitudinal data analysis methods to a) investigate the direct and indirect effects of violence victimization on alcohol intake and patterns of alcohol abuse b) identify social and behavioral risk and protective factors of alcohol abuse and c) evaluate two hypotheses of women's vulnerability to revictimization: vulnerability to revictimization potentially varies by degree of adult attachment security and according to PTSD symptom clusters. The proposed research will elucidate the impact of patterns of harmful drinking on risk of violence victimization across the lifespan in a heterogeneous sample of employed women, thus providing public health professionals with an opportunity to develop treatment and prevention intervention activities for women with multiple trauma histories. These prevention and treatment aims are in accordance with the current strategic plan of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

Public Health Relevance

/Relevance. Characterizing the complex pathways between violence victimization and alcohol abuse as well as understanding the subsequent behavioral risk factors for revictimization can lead to refined alcohol abuse treatment and improved services for adult victims of multiple traumas with co-occurring mental disorders.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Predoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F31)
Project #
5F31AA018935-03
Application #
8311064
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BBBP-J (29))
Program Officer
Freeman, Robert
Project Start
2010-08-18
Project End
2012-09-14
Budget Start
2012-08-18
Budget End
2012-09-14
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$19,760
Indirect Cost
Name
Johns Hopkins University
Department
Other Health Professions
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
001910777
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21218
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