Young adult smoking is a public health concern that has been largely understudied, particularly given that rates of smoking are highest in this age group (CADHS, 2008). Among young adults, light smoking (<5 cigs a day or This aim will be addressed by examining the progression of smoking and drinking, their relationship to each other, and the mediational effects of interpersonal factors (exposure to smoking, significant others'smoking status, identity as a "social smoker"), intrapersonal factors (impulsivity, Nicotine Dependence, negative affectivity), and expectancies for substance use (utilizing the new instrument, a measure of alcohol use expectancies, and smoking and drinking expectancies). Finally, a model of the effect of interpersonal factors, intrapersonal factors, and alcohol use upon concurrent smoking will be tested with both college-attending and community young adults. The findings from the proposed study will serve to further our understanding of the relationship between smoking, drinking, and social factors and will serve to inform interventions that target both behaviors.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed research will evaluate the relationship between alcohol use, social factors, and smoking among young adults, a population at risk for substance use and dependence. The findings will inform intervention and prevention efforts to address these dangerous health behaviors, which may yield considerable benefits in reducing the health burden of tobacco addiction and hazardous drinking.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Predoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F31)
Project #
5F31DA030032-03
Application #
8330340
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-F11-A (20))
Program Officer
Lambert, Elizabeth
Project Start
2010-08-01
Project End
2013-07-31
Budget Start
2012-08-01
Budget End
2013-07-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$32,654
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Psychiatry
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
804355790
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
Schweizer, C Amanda; Doran, Neal; Myers, Mark G (2014) Social facilitation expectancies for smoking: psychometric properties of a new measure. J Am Coll Health 62:136-44
Schweizer, C Amanda; Doran, Neal; Roesch, Scott C et al. (2011) Progression to problem drinking among Mexican American and White European first-year college students: a multiple group analysis. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 72:975-80