Tobacco use, in particular cigarette smoking, is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States.1 In addition to lung cancer and respiratory illness, tobacco use is responsible for increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and is a primary causal factor for two specific types of CVD: coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke.1,2 More than eighty-one million persons in the United States have at least one form of CVD, and CHD and stroke rank as the first and third leading causes of death, respectively.3,4 Recent research indicates lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals have the highest rates of tobacco use.9,10 Within this group, sexual minority men (i.e., men who identify as gay, bisexual, or who engage in same sex sexual behavior) have one of the largest smoking disparities, with a smoking rate of more than twice that of their heterosexual counterparts.9 Yet, we know almost nothing about tobacco use in sexual minority men or the extent to which tobacco use may be responsible for increased CVD in this population. Accordingly, the proposed study will utilize both nationally representative and clinic-based data to examine the relationship between the prevalence and patterns of tobacco use among sexual minority men and potential disparities in CVD. In addition the proposed project will also investigate the role of HIV infection as a potential effect measure modifier in the relationship between tobacco use and CVD. These objectives are consistent with the goals of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and relate to NIDA's strategic plan to foster research on health conditions that may inform, influence or interact with drug abuse and addiction, to decrease health disparities related to drug addiction and its consequences, and to decrease the health disparities associated with HIV/AIDS. With access to the resources of Saint Louis University and the Fenway Center for Population Research in LGBT Health, a well-crafted and carefully designed research training plan, and the support of an excellent mentoring team, the applicant is ideally suited to carry out the proposed research. The multi- disciplinary mentoring team brings expertise in the areas of epidemiologic outcomes research, psychiatric epidemiology, LGBT population research, cardiology, and biostatistics, and is fully committed to supporting the applicant throughout the training period. The long term goal of the applicant is to obtain a faculty position and develop an independent research career in the areas of chronic disease epidemiology and LGBT population health, and as such, the proposed research will play a key role in developing the applicant's potential for a promising research career.

Public Health Relevance

This project will enhance our understanding of disparities in tobacco use among sexual minority men and the potential contribution of these disparities to increased cardiovascular disease among this population. This information is necessary to identify and address potential disparities in cardiovascular disease for sexual minority men, and may ultimately lead to a reduction in cardiovascular disease and death.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Predoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F31)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-F16-B (20))
Program Officer
Schulden, Jeffrey D
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Saint Louis University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Public Health
Saint Louis
United States
Zip Code
Jabson, Jennifer M; Farmer, Grant W; Bowen, Deborah J (2014) Stress mediates the relationship between sexual orientation and behavioral risk disparities. BMC Public Health 14:401
Blosnich, John R; Farmer, Grant W; Lee, Joseph G L et al. (2014) Health inequalities among sexual minority adults: evidence from ten U.S. states, 2010. Am J Prev Med 46:337-49
Farmer, Grant W; Jabson, Jennifer M; Bucholz, Kathleen K et al. (2013) A population-based study of cardiovascular disease risk in sexual-minority women. Am J Public Health 103:1845-50
Farmer, Grant W; Bucholz, Kathleen K; Flick, Louise H et al. (2013) CVD risk among men participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2001 to 2010: differences by sexual minority status. J Epidemiol Community Health 67:772-8