Objective: To determine the pathogenic mechanisms of COPD and to define new ways to prevent or treat the disorder. Hypotheses: We propose a new paradigm for a central role of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands in the emphysema pathogenesis. We hypothesize that RAGE and its ligands through distinct signaling pathways that include NADPH oxidase(s) (Nox)-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) activate key transcription factors including NF-B and EGR-1 to propagate the inflammation, apoptosis and lung destruction leading to emphysema. Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a devastating disorder characterized by chronic airflow limitation. It is among the most common discharge diagnoses from VA hospitals and will be the third leading cause of death worldwide by the year 2020. In part, due to the still poorly elucidated or undiscovered mechanisms causing COPD, treatment options are very limited. COPD is associated with chronic inflammation, apoptosis and emphysema. This proposal is aimed at defining the biochemical mechanisms for the inflammation, apoptosis and emphysema.
Aims :
Aim 1 will determine the ability of RAGE and its ligands to promote inflammation, apoptosis and lung destruction leading to the development of emphysema. It will test the hypothesis that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) or other ligands interact with RAGE to amplify the inflammatory response and apoptosis that mediate the lung destruction leading to the development of emphysema.
Aim 2 will determine the role of signaling intermediates in RAGE-induced lung inflammation, apoptosis and destruction leading to the development of emphysema. It will test the hypothesis that RAGE and its ligands acting through Nox(s) and NF-B or Egr-1, cause synthesis and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and additional RAGE ligands, which further perpetuate RAGE expression, inflammation, oxidative and/or proteinase stress and apoptosis with resulting lung destruction.
Aim 3 will determine whether lung macrophage RAGE or alveolar epithelial cell RAGE is primarily responsible for propagating inflammation, apoptosis and lung destruction leading to the development of emphysema. These studies will take advantage of unique mouse models with mononuclear or alveolar epithelial cell specific deletion of RAGE to test the hypothesis that lung macrophage RAGE is the primary effector of RAGE-mediated inflammation and lung destruction. Research Design: We will study the expression of RAGE and its ligands during the development of emphysema using a model of cigarette smoke exposure to mice. Mutant mice exposed to cigarette smoke will be used to determine the importance of RAGE and specific signaling pathways in emphysema development. Studies in isolated cells exposed to cigarette smoke extract will complement those proposed in mouse models to aide in delineating signaling pathways. A particular focus will be the role(s) of RAGE expressed on lung macrophages and alveolar epithelium since these are the primary sources of RAGE expression in the lungs of cigarette smokers. Significance: Successful outcome of this proposal will transform basic understanding of the pathobiochemistry of emphysema by focusing on pathways currently only tangentially mentioned in discussions of the mechanisms for development of the disorder. It will impact our ability to prevent or reduce the enormous medical burden caused by cigarette smoking. Nowhere is the need for new approaches with clinical application more important in pulmonary diseases than in COPD.

Public Health Relevance

This proposal focuses on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), specifically emphysema, and the mechanisms for its development. COPD is a devastating disorder characterized by chronic airflow limitation. COPD will be the third leading cause of death worldwide by the year 2020. It is associated with inflammation and destruction of the lung. We propose a new paradigm for a central role of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands in emphysema pathogenesis. We provide preliminary data in support of and propose to test critical features of the paradigm. Successful outcome of this proposal will transform basic understanding of how emphysema develops by focusing on pathways currently only tangentially mentioned in discussions of the mechanisms for development of the disorder. It will impact our ability to prevent or reduce the enormous medical burden caused by cigarette smoking. Nowhere is the need for new approaches with clinical application more important in pulmonary diseases than in COPD. ! !

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Non-HHS Research Projects (I01)
Project #
5I01BX001533-02
Application #
8669718
Study Section
Respiration (PULM)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
VA Salt Lake City Healthcare System
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Salt Lake City
State
UT
Country
United States
Zip Code
84148