This application requests support through an NIAAA Mentored Research Scientist Development Award (K01) to promote the career development of Dr. Cathy Lau-Barraco in the area of alcohol secondary prevention research for emerging adults. As part of the Candidate's transition to become an independent investigator pursuing this line of research, she has developed an intensive training plan that aims to build upon her existing skill set and fill in important gaps in her training. The Candidate's proposed training goals are to: (1) broaden and strengthen her alcohol knowledge base, particularly as it relates to the emerging adulthood developmental period, (2) develop skills in qualitative and advanced quantitative research methods, (3) develop expertise in the development and evaluation of secondary prevention programming for emerging adult drinkers, (4) increase proficiency in the principles and skills of motivational interviewing, (5) enhance scholarly productivity via secondary data analyses and manuscript preparation, and (6) develop a competitive R01 grant application testing the personalized feedback secondary prevention program in a larger efficacy trial examining both short-term and long-term effect on alcohol-related outcomes. The primary aims of the proposed research plan are to: (1) adapt a feedback-based secondary prevention program for nonstudent emerging adults, and (2) conduct a pilot study comparing alcohol-related outcomes between emerging adults randomly assigned to the tailored personalized feedback (PF) condition or assessment-only (AO) control condition. The proposed research plan is divided into two phases. The goal of Phase I is program development and refinement. The goal of Phase II is to evaluate the newly adapted program in a controlled pilot study. The new program will be evaluated against an AO control over a 9-month follow-up period. A total of 220 men and women between ages 18 to 25 will be recruited from the community through newspaper advertisements, flyers, and internet postings. In the pilot trial, PF participants will receive personalized feedback regarding their alcohol use and related risk factors delivered within the context of a 50-minute session using motivational interviewing strategies. The AO participants will complete the assessment measures only. It is hypothesized that participants in the PF condition will reduce their alcohol use and alcohol-related negative consequences more than participants in the AO condition over the 9-month follow-up period.
The aim of the proposed research is to develop prevention programming specifically for nonstudent emerging adult drinkers, as this group may be particularly vulnerable to alcohol-related problems in later adulthood. Implications of the findings may be profound given the disparity in the existing scientific literature with regard to the understanding and prevention of alcohol-related risk among nonstudents.
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Linden-Carmichael, Ashley N; Hequembourg, Amy et al. (2017) Motivations and Consequences of Alcohol Use among Heavy Drinking Nonstudent Emerging Adults. J Adolesc Res 32:667-695|
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Braitman, Abby L; Stamates, Amy L et al. (2016) Alcohol use variability in a community-based sample of nonstudent emerging adult heavy drinkers. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 42:698-706|
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Braitman, Abby L; Linden-Carmichael, Ashley N et al. (2016) Differences in weekday versus weekend drinking among nonstudent emerging adults. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 24:100-9|
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Braitman, Abby L; Stamates, Amy L et al. (2016) A latent profile analysis of drinking patterns among nonstudent emerging adults. Addict Behav 62:14-9|
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Linden-Carmichael, Ashley N; Braitman, Abby L et al. (2016) Identifying Patterns of Situational Antecedents to Heavy Drinking among College Students. Addict Res Theory 24:431-440|
|Linden, Ashley N; Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Milletich, Robert J (2014) Protective behavioral strategies, alcohol expectancies, and drinking motives in a model of college student drinking. Psychol Addict Behav 28:952-9|
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Milletich, Robert J; Linden, Ashley N (2014) Caffeinated alcohol consumption profiles and associations with use severity and outcome expectancies. Addict Behav 39:308-15|
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Linden, Ashley N (2014) Drinking Buddies: Who Are They and When Do They Matter? Addict Res Theory 22:57-67|
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Linden, Ashley N (2014) Caffeinated alcohol use and expectancies for caffeine versus alcohol. Subst Use Misuse 49:1241-9|
|Lau-Barraco, Cathy; Braitman, Abby L; Leonard, Kenneth E et al. (2012) Drinking buddies and their prospective influence on alcohol outcomes: alcohol expectancies as a mediator. Psychol Addict Behav 26:747-58|