This career development award proposes a program of training, data collection and research to advance knowledge in the area of health literacy and health disparities among the elderly. Specifically, the aims of this project are (1) to understand the relationship between measures health literacy and more general measures of cognition, such as memory and numeracy;(2) to estimate the relationship between health literacy, general cognition and health outcomes in a large and nationally-representative sample of older Americans;(3) to analyze the mechanisms through which health literacy and cognition affect health outcomes;(4) to analyze the role that health literacy plays in determining health disparities across racial, ethnic or socio-economic groups;(5) to explore similarities and differences between the concepts of health literacy and financial literacy, and compare the relationship between literacy and outcomes in both domains. The research activities will be carried out through a program of primary data collection and secondary data analysis based on the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). The primary data collection consists of a module of questions on health literacy and health knowledge to be collected from a subset of respondents to the 2010 wave of the HRS. Analysis of the data will also be carried out with guidance from an interdisciplinary team of mentors.

Public Health Relevance

This study examines how an individual's health literacy - that is, the ability to understand and process information related to health - affects his or her health. The study focuses on how health literacy in the elderly and near-elderly population is related to more general cognitive skills such as memory and the ability to do simple math problems. The study will provide information to help improve the health of older Americans. Project Narrative This study examines how an individual's health literacy - that is, the ability to understand and process information related to health - affects his or her health. The study focuses on how health literacy in the elderly and near-elderly population is related to more general cognitive skills such as memory and the ability to do simple math problems. The study will provide information to help improve the health of older Americans.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Research Scientist Development Award - Research & Training (K01)
Project #
5K01AG034232-04
Application #
8706739
Study Section
Neuroscience of Aging Review Committee (NIA)
Program Officer
Bhattacharyya, Partha
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Biostatistics & Other Math Sci
Type
Organized Research Units
DUNS #
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
Bagley, Nicholas; Levy, Helen (2014) Essential health benefits and the Affordable Care Act: law and process. J Health Polit Policy Law 39:441-65
Levy, Helen; Ubel, Peter A; Dillard, Amanda J et al. (2014) Health numeracy: the importance of domain in assessing numeracy. Med Decis Making 34:107-15