The overall goal of this K01 Award is to equip the candidate with the advanced skills needed to create an independent program of research in order to aid the development of culturally relevant HIV/STIs prevention methods and intervention strategies for Asian Pacific Islander (API) women. This award will allow the candidate to transition from proficiency in secondary analyses of existing, national, large-scale data sets to proficiency in primary data collection and qualitative research with hard-to-reach APIs. The proposed research, "API Women's Sexual Health Initiative Project" (AWSHIP) explores the relationships between depression, acculturation, family cohesion, and HIV/STIs risk behaviors among 600 young adult women (Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese) who are children of immigrants. It will also explore how these API women describe engagement in HIV/STIs risk behaviors, within the context of gender roles and disparities in relationship power. Methods include conducting a cross-sectional survey and a qualitative study, using in-depth interviews of subsample of survey participants (n=48). To conduct successful epidemiological HIV/STIs research in API communities, the candidate must undertake carefully integrated coursework and receive mentoring from senior researchers in five areas: (1) social epidemiology (Steffanie Strathdee);(2) survey research in API communities (Lena Lundgren, Frank Wong);(3) advanced quantitative analyses (Timothy Heeren);(4) qualitative methods (Lee Strunin);and (5) intervention development for API women (Mary McKay, Stanley Sue). In direct accordance with the training goals of the candidate, AWSHIP has four specific aims: (1) to characterize the epidemiology of HIV/STIs risk behaviors among API young women;(2) to understand the association between depression, acculturation, and HIV/STIs risk behaviors among API young women;(3) to determine the mediating fact ors associated with HIV/STIs risk behaviors;and (4) to explore API women's vulnerability for HIV/STIs risk behaviors in the context of gender roles and disparities in relationship power. Expertise acquired from this research will be translated into an intervention designed to decrease HIV/STIs risk behaviors among API women, which should ultimately reduce both the transmission of HIV/STIs and sexual health disparities in API communities.

Public Health Relevance

This study will provide disaggregated epidemiological data factors associated with HIV/STIs risk behaviors among Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese young women, as well as shed light on the impact of gender and relationship power on HIV/STIs risk behaviors. These findings will serve to inform the development of effective, culturally competent HIV/STIs intervention services for young API women.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Research Scientist Development Award - Research & Training (K01)
Project #
5K01MH086366-04
Application #
8282852
Study Section
Behavioral and Social Science Approaches to Preventing HIV/AIDS Study Section (BSPH)
Program Officer
Kamath, Susannah M Allison
Project Start
2009-07-01
Project End
2014-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$170,355
Indirect Cost
$12,523
Name
Boston University
Department
None
Type
Schools of Social Work
DUNS #
049435266
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02215
Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Lee, Jieha; Chiao, Christine et al. (2016) Use of Mental Health Care and Unmet Needs for Health Care Among Lesbian and Bisexual Chinese-, Korean-, and Vietnamese-American Women. Psychiatr Serv 67:1380-1383
Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Cook, Benjamin Lê; Ault-Brutus, Andrea et al. (2015) Intersection of race-ethnicity and gender in depression care: screening, access, and minimally adequate treatment. Psychiatr Serv 66:258-64
Augsberger, Astraea; Yeung, Albert; Dougher, Meaghan et al. (2015) Factors influencing the underutilization of mental health services among Asian American women with a history of depression and suicide. BMC Health Serv Res 15:542
Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Gonyea, Judith G; Chiao, Christine et al. (2014) Fractured Identity: A Framework for Understanding Young Asian American Women's Self-harm and Suicidal Behaviors. Race Soc Probl 6:56-68
Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Chang, Stephanie Tzu-Han; Tong, Hui Qi et al. (2014) Intersection of suicidality and substance abuse among young Asian-American women: implications for developing interventions in young adulthood. Adv Dual Diagn 7:90-104
Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Jang, Jisun; Vu, Cecilia et al. (2013) Drug use and suicidality among Asian American women who are children of immigrants. Subst Use Misuse 48:1563-76
Lee, Jieha; Hahm, Hyeouk Chris (2012) HIV risk, substance use, and suicidal behaviors among Asian American lesbian and bisexual women. AIDS Educ Prev 24:549-63
Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Lee, Jieha; Rough, Kathryn et al. (2012) Gender power control, sexual experiences, safer sex practices, and potential HIV risk behaviors among young Asian-American women. AIDS Behav 16:179-88
Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Kolaczyk, Eric; Jang, Jisun et al. (2012) Binge drinking trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood: the effects of peer social network. Subst Use Misuse 47:745-56
Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Kolaczyk, Eric; Lee, Yookyong et al. (2012) Do Asian-American women who were maltreated as children have a higher likelihood for HIV risk behaviors and adverse mental health outcomes? Womens Health Issues 22:e35-43

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