The proposed K05 RSA will focus on the following three areas to improve the candidate's career development: 1) learning more about genetics and brain circuitry related to the development of antisocial behavior (AB) and drug use;2) further developing the use of the Family Check Up intervention for use with different age groups and at-risk populations;and 3) learning more about the interface among research-based intervention programs, community needs, and social policy. Skills acquired from the career development plan should have both short- and long-term applications to the candidate's research. The candidate proposes to conduct four funded programs of research. Program I (NIMH R01-50907) seeks to advance our understanding of the precursors of early- and late-starting pathways of antisocial behavior (AB) by following a cohort of low-income, male youth from ages 1.5 to 18. Program II, the Early Steps - Multisite (ES-M) Project (NIDA R01 016110), is a prevention study targeting family and extra-familial influences in early and middle childhood to reduce risk for early-onset AB, drug use, and HIV risk. Program III, the Parental Involvement and Extra-Familial Contexts Project (NIDA R01 023245), uses families from the ES-M sample to examine the contributions of neighborhood, school, and after-school care contexts in relation to drug use risk during middle childhood, and how parental involvement in these extra-familial settings may attenuate effects of extra-familial risk factors on drug use risk. Program IV represents two studies that have emerged as extensions from the Early Growth and Development Study (EGDS, NICHD R01 12709). Both studies (NICHD R01 042608 &NIDA R01 020585) use an adoption design to examine mechanisms by which genetic factors, prenatal drug exposure, and parent-child relationships influence developmental pathways leading to problem behavior and social competence in early childhood. The purpose of the K05 RSA is to permit the candidate to conduct these four programs of research and broaden his understanding basic and applied issues related to the prevention of drug use risk from early childhood through adolescence.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Scientist Award (K05)
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Application #
Study Section
Human Development Research Subcommittee (NIDA)
Program Officer
Sims, Belinda E
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University of Pittsburgh
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Waller, Rebecca; Shaw, Daniel S; Forbes, Erika E et al. (2015) Understanding Early Contextual and Parental Risk Factors for the Development of Limited Prosocial Emotions. J Abnorm Child Psychol 43:1025-39
Choe, Daniel Ewon; Shaw, Daniel S; Forbes, Erika E (2015) Maladaptive social information processing in childhood predicts young men's atypical amygdala reactivity to threat. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 56:549-57
Shelleby, Elizabeth C; Shaw, Daniel S (2014) Outcomes of parenting interventions for child conduct problems: a review of differential effectiveness. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 45:628-45
Sitnick, Stephanie L; Brennan, Lauretta M; Forbes, Erika et al. (2014) Developmental pathways to sexual risk behavior in high-risk adolescent boys. Pediatrics 133:1038-45
Shaw, Daniel S; Shelleby, Elizabeth C (2014) Early-starting conduct problems: intersection of conduct problems and poverty. Annu Rev Clin Psychol 10:503-28
Sitnick, Stephanie L; Shaw, Daniel S; Hyde, Luke W (2014) Precursors of adolescent substance use from early childhood and early adolescence: testing a developmental cascade model. Dev Psychopathol 26:125-40
Hyde, Luke W; Shaw, Daniel S; Hariri, Ahmad R (2013) Understanding Youth Antisocial Behavior Using Neuroscience through a Developmental Psychopathology Lens: Review, Integration, and Directions for Research. Dev Rev 33:
Brennan, Lauretta M; Shelleby, Elizabeth C; Shaw, Daniel S et al. (2013) Indirect Effects of the Family Check-Up on School-Age Academic Achievement Through Improvements in Parenting in Early Childhood. J Educ Psychol 105:
Hyde, Luke W; Shaw, Daniel S; Gardner, Frances et al. (2013) Dimensions of callousness in early childhood: links to problem behavior and family intervention effectiveness. Dev Psychopathol 25:347-63
Shaw, Daniel S (2013) Future directions for research on the development and prevention of early conduct problems. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 42:418-28

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