The primary goal of this proposal is to provide the applicant, James P. Hamilton, M.D., with a significant period of continued mentorship in a strong, supportive scientific environment in order for him to continue developing skills needed to become a fully independent physician-scientist. Dr. Hamilton has undergone superior clinical training in Gastroenterology, including a Fellowship in Advanced Hepatology. Moreover, during his career thus far, Dr. Hamilton has already focused his research interest on the molecular genetic basis of chronic liver disease. To advance his academic career as well as to establish his independence, further training is required in biochemistry, molecular biology, scientific study design, and data analysis. The research proposal described herein will investigate the expression and biologic functions of Thioredoxin Inhibitory Protein (TXNIP) in the pathogenesis of chronic liver disease. His hypothesis is that TXNIP activation in chronic hepatitis leads to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS), which in turn lead to liver fibrosis. He further postulates that once cirrhosis has developed, loss of TXNIP expression, due in part to hypermethylation, results in abnormal hepatocyte growth and proliferation. The proposed project will apply the considerable expertise and resources of the mentor's hepatic fibrosis research with the knowledge and experience of other key collaborators at Johns Hopkins. Specifically, Aim 1 of the current proposal will examine TXNIP expression at the mRNA and protein levels in normal, inflamed, cirrhotic and cancerous liver tissues, as well as in hepatocyte and hepatic stellate cell lines.
Aim 2 will scrutinize the biological functions of TXNIP in chronic liver disease in vitro. TXNIP-induced generation of ROS and activation of pro-fibrotic pathways will be examined. Furthermore, effects of TXNIP on cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis will be determined.
Aim 3 will investigate the regulation of TXNIP by methylation. This mechanism will be evaluated directly, using bisulfite sequencing and methylation-specific PCR, as well as indirectly, using demethylating agents to reverse transcriptional silencing.

Public Health Relevance

Chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death, and the way in which liver injury develops is not fully understood. We will investigate Thioredoxin Inhibitory Protein (TXNIP) in chronic liver disease to determine how this gene may cause increased liver injury. Our results may have profound relevance to developing treatments to lessen or prevent chronic liver injury.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
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Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases B Subcommittee (DDK)
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Podskalny, Judith M,
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Johns Hopkins University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Hamilton, James P; Koganti, Lahari; Muchenditsi, Abigael et al. (2016) Activation of liver X receptor/retinoid X receptor pathway ameliorates liver disease in Atp7B(-/-) (Wilson disease) mice. Hepatology 63:1828-41
Hamilton, James P; Potter, James J; Koganti, Lahari et al. (2014) Effects of vitamin D3 stimulation of thioredoxin-interacting protein in hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatol Res 44:1357-66
Hamilton, James P (2011) Epigenetics: principles and practice. Dig Dis 29:130-5
David, Stefan; Hamilton, James P (2010) Drug-induced Liver Injury. US Gastroenterol Hepatol Rev 6:73-80
Hamilton, James P (2010) Epigenetic mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of hepatobiliary malignancies. Epigenomics 2:233-243