Addictive behaviors are linked to nearly half of all causes of mortality, and disorders involving these behaviors represent the top three causes of preventable disease in the U.S. Addictive behaviors in women (particularly involving tobacco, alcohol, overeating, and illicit drugs) currently rank among our most prevalent public health concerns. Emerging data suggest that sex and gender differences in these addictive behaviors and their biological substrates have important implications for the development of effective prevention and treatment strategies. We propose an innovative research career development program that will train junior faculty Scholars to respond to the need for interdisciplinary research on women's health and addictive behaviors. Yale's interdisciplinary research program on women's health in collaboration with our internationally renowned research program on addictions requests funding through the Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health (BIRCWH) Scholar Program (RFA-OD-09-006) for four BIRCWH Scholar positions. We have assembled an outstanding team of 25 experienced, productive, and dedicated Mentors with multiple ongoing interdisciplinary projects focused on addictive behaviors using basic, translational, and clinical research approaches. Our leadership team and advisory committee will direct a program that emphasizes four core career development components that will be individualized to meet the needs of each BIRCWH Scholar. These components include: 1) interdisciplinary research mentoring on study planning, implementation, completion and dissemination of results;2) coordinated professional coaching focused on the preparation of grant applications, manuscript writing, and faculty career planning;3) structured experiences in interdisciplinary team science, its development and evaluation;and 4) a didactic curriculum on women's health, addictive behaviors, and academic mentoring. Our long- ten goal is to generate independent investigators with the skills necessary to sustain academic productivity, grant support, collaborations across disciplines, and effective mentoring of their own future trainees. Ultimately, the purpose of our program is to insure the development of scientists who make enduring contributions to the prevention and treatment of addictive behaviors which result in direct practical benefit for women and their families.
Annual medical, social, and productivity costs of addictive behaviors linked to tobacco, alcohol, overeating, and illicit drugs in the U.S. alone exceed $600 billion. Sex and gender differences in the etiology, course, and prognosis of these addictive behaviors have clear implications for prevention and treatment. We propose an innovative research career development program that will train junior faculty Scholars in interdisciplinary research designed to make enduring contributions to the field of women's health and addictive behaviors.
|Smith, Philip H; Oberleitner, Lindsay M S; Smith, Kathryn M Z et al. (2016) Childhood adversity interacts with adult stressful events to predict reduced likelihood of smoking cessation among women but not men. Clin Psychol Sci 4:183-193|
|Smith, Megan V; Gotman, Nathan; Yonkers, Kimberly A (2016) Early Childhood Adversity and Pregnancy Outcomes. Matern Child Health J 20:790-8|
|McKee, Sherry A; Smith, Philip H; Kaufman, Mira et al. (2016) Sex Differences in Varenicline Efficacy for Smoking Cessation: A Meta-Analysis. Nicotine Tob Res 18:1002-11|
|Udo, Tomoko; White, Marney A; Barnes, Rachel D et al. (2016) Psychosocial and metabolic function by smoking status in individuals with binge eating disorder and obesity. Addict Behav 53:46-52|
|Smith, Kathryn Z; Smith, Philip H; Cercone, Sarah A et al. (2016) Past year non-medical opioid use and abuse and PTSD diagnosis: Interactions with sex and associations with symptom clusters. Addict Behav 58:167-74|
|Smith, Philip H; Kasza, Karin A; Hyland, Andrew et al. (2015) Gender differences in medication use and cigarette smoking cessation: results from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey. Nicotine Tob Res 17:463-72|
|Smith, Philip H; Saddleson, Megan L; Homish, Gregory G et al. (2015) The relationship between childhood physical and emotional abuse and smoking cessation among U.S. women and men. Psychol Addict Behav 29:338-46|
|Thompson, Azure B; Tebes, Jacob K; McKee, Sherry A (2015) Gender differences in age of smoking initiation and its association with health. Addict Res Theory 23:413-420|
|Smith, Megan V; Costello, Darce; Yonkers, Kimberly A (2015) Clinical correlates of prescription opioid analgesic use in pregnancy. Matern Child Health J 19:548-56|
|Mazure, Carolyn M; Jones, Daniel P (2015) Twenty years and still counting: including women as participants and studying sex and gender in biomedical research. BMC Womens Health 15:94|
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