Candidate: Kristine B. Patterson, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of North Carolina (UNC) has begun formal clinical trial training through the NIH-sponsored Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health (BIRCWH) Program. Career Goals: My vision is to be a clinician scientist with expertise in clinical pharmacology who is independently conducting clinical trials in HIV-infected women. Career Development Plans: Dr. Patterson will obtain formal training in clinical pharmacology and enhance her basic knowledge of quantitative methods and clinical trials research conduct through the Master of Science in Clinical Science graduate program. She will obtain hands on training while performing the clinical studies and analyses outlined in the research plan. Immediate Objective: To acquire expertise in clinical pharmacology and the design, implementation, data collection, and analysis of clinical trials. Long-term Objective: To use these skills to further the pharmacologic interventions available to HIV-infected women to increase treatment responses and to decrease infectiousness.
Specific Aims : 1) To measure and compare steady state blood plasma pharmacokinetics of antiretroviral therapies in post- and pre-menopausal HIV- infected women. 2) To longitudinally quantify and compare genital tract antiretroviral drug exposure in post- and pre-menopausal HIV-infected women. 3) To determine and compare sexual HIV infectivity in post- and pre-menopausal HIV-infected women by measuring HIV RNA dynamics in blood plasma and genital tract secretions before and after the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Research Methods: First- dose, steady-state and longitudinal pharmacokinetics of the most commonly prescribed antiretroviral agents will be assessed in the systemic and genital tract compartments in a cohort of post- and pre-menopausal HIV-infected women. Concurrent blood plasma and genital secretions HIV RNA will be measured. Systemic and genital tract virologic responses will be correlated with antiretroviral concentrations and with each other. Environment: This study will take place at UNC's General Clinical Research Center. Subjects will be recruited from the UNC HIV Clinic and UNC's associated satellite clinics. The UNC Schools of Medicine, Pharmacy and Public Health will provide a rich learning environment for Dr. Patterson's training. Mentorship: The two primary mentors have expertise in HIV (J. Eron) and HIV pharmacology (A. Kashuba) and will oversee a team of productive, successful investigators that boasts strong foundations in the disciplines to be learned by Dr. Patterson, including gynecological (K. Nanda) and hormonal (J. Rubin) changes associated with aging, immunology (D. Margolis), genital tract virology (S. Fiscus) and biostatistics (C. Moore). Relevance: The knowledge gained through this training program and from this study will be used to design studies that modulate infectivity and treatment responses through exogenous hormone supplementation.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K23)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-ESB-A (S3))
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Zhang, Hao
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University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
Chapel Hill
United States
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Grodensky, Catherine A; Golin, Carol E; Jones, Chaunetta et al. (2015) "I should know better": the roles of relationships, spirituality, disclosure, stigma, and shame for older women living with HIV seeking support in the South. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 26:23-Dec
Greener, Benjamin N; Patterson, Kristine B; Prince, Heather M A et al. (2013) Dolutegravir pharmacokinetics in the genital tract and colorectum of HIV-negative men after single and multiple dosing. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 64:39-44
Patterson, Kristine B; Dumond, Julie B; Prince, Heather A et al. (2013) Protein binding of lopinavir and ritonavir during 4 phases of pregnancy: implications for treatment guidelines. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:51-8
Adams, Jessica L; Sykes, Craig; Menezes, Prema et al. (2013) Tenofovir diphosphate and emtricitabine triphosphate concentrations in blood cells compared with isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells: a new measure of antiretroviral adherence? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 62:260-6
Patterson, Kristine B; Prince, Heather A; Kraft, Eric et al. (2011) Penetration of tenofovir and emtricitabine in mucosal tissues: implications for prevention of HIV-1 transmission. Sci Transl Med 3:112re4
Brown, Kevin C; Patterson, Kristine B; Malone, Stephanie A et al. (2011) Single and multiple dose pharmacokinetics of maraviroc in saliva, semen, and rectal tissue of healthy HIV-negative men. J Infect Dis 203:1484-90
Patterson, Kristine; Jennings, Steven; Falcon, Ron et al. (2011) Darunavir, ritonavir, and etravirine pharmacokinetics in the cervicovaginal fluid and blood plasma of HIV-infected women. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 55:1120-2
Dumond, J B; Vourvahis, M; Rezk, N L et al. (2010) A phenotype-genotype approach to predicting CYP450 and P-glycoprotein drug interactions with the mixed inhibitor/inducer tipranavir/ritonavir. Clin Pharmacol Ther 87:735-42
Patterson, Kristine B; Cohn, Susan E; Uyanik, Jennifer et al. (2009) Treatment responses in antiretroviral treatment-naive premenopausal and postmenopausal HIV-1-infected women: an analysis from AIDS Clinical Trials Group Studies. Clin Infect Dis 49:473-6
Dumond, Julie B; Patterson, Kristine B; Pecha, Allison L et al. (2009) Maraviroc concentrates in the cervicovaginal fluid and vaginal tissue of HIV-negative women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:546-53