Liver disease has emerged as a major source of morbidity and mortality in the United States with a disproportionate representation in some identifiable groups. Furthermore, unique management and treatment issues are associated with "special populations". This K-24 application demonstrates the candidate's focus on mentorship that is needed to develop the next generation of investigators who can perform patient-oriented research in populations with viral hepatitis and HIV infection. The etiologies of progressive liver disease are multifactorial and include viral hepatitis, drug toxicities including those associated with highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART), alcohol, and variable levels of immunosuppression. Evidence is provided that the candidate is well equipped to provide mentorship of junior faculty and trainees within the context of his programmatic goals. This proposal includes a) Description of the candidate's commitment to patient-oriented research b) Characterization of key aspects of a mentorship program that incorporates elements of didactic training, involvement of trainees and junior faculty in ongoing research activities, and ongoing interaction between candidate and mentee to develop nascent patient based research careers .c) Review of the specific research activities funded by NIH and the pharmaceutical industry that serve as a structural framework for patient-oriented research. These experiences include all aspects of study design, statistical and data management, research ethics, research patient management, analysis, and publication. Most mentees are introduced to advanced laboratory techniques that utilize patient-derived samples in an effort to merge bed and bench experiences.

Public Health Relevance

Liver disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in those with HIV infection. Research into pathobiologic mechanisms and study of treatment interventions is critical to future management paradigms. This grant serves as a vehicle to train the next generation of researchers in the context of an active patient-oriented research agenda focused on these issues.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research (K24)
Project #
5K24DK070528-08
Application #
8261839
Study Section
Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases B Subcommittee (DDK)
Program Officer
Podskalny, Judith M,
Project Start
2005-03-01
Project End
2015-02-28
Budget Start
2012-03-01
Budget End
2013-02-28
Support Year
8
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$156,968
Indirect Cost
$11,627
Name
University of Cincinnati
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
041064767
City
Cincinnati
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
45221
Abdel-Hameed, Enass A; Ji, Hong; Sherman, Kenneth E et al. (2014) Epigenetic modification of FOXP3 in patients with chronic HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65:19-26
Lin, M V; Charlton, A N; Rouster, S D et al. (2014) Hepatitis C virus NS3 mutations in haemophiliacs. Haemophilia 20:659-65
Sulkowski, Mark S; Sherman, Kenneth E; Dieterich, Douglas T et al. (2013) Combination therapy with telaprevir for chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection in patients with HIV: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 159:86-96
Shata, Mohamed Tarek M; Abdel-Hameed, Enass A; Hetta, Helal F et al. (2013) Immune activation in HIV/HCV-infected patients is associated with low-level expression of liver expressed antimicrobial peptide-2 (LEAP-2). J Clin Pathol 66:967-75
Chung, Raymond T; Umbleja, Triin; Chen, Jennifer Y et al. (2012) Extended therapy with pegylated interferon and weight-based ribavirin for HCV-HIV coinfected patients. HIV Clin Trials 13:70-82
Thomas, David L; Bartlett, John G; Peters, Marion G et al. (2012) Provisional guidance on the use of hepatitis C virus protease inhibitors for treatment of hepatitis C in HIV-infected persons. Clin Infect Dis 54:979-83
Sherman, Kenneth E; Flamm, Steven L; Afdhal, Nezam H et al. (2011) Response-guided telaprevir combination treatment for hepatitis C virus infection. N Engl J Med 365:1014-24
Kemmer, Nyingi M; Sherman, Kenneth E (2011) Liver transplantation trends in the HIV population. Dig Dis Sci 56:3393-8
Hernandez, Maria D; Sherman, Kenneth E (2011) HIV/hepatitis C coinfection natural history and disease progression. Curr Opin HIV AIDS 6:478-82
Eckman, Mark H; Kaiser, Tiffany E; Sherman, Kenneth E (2011) The cost-effectiveness of screening for chronic hepatitis B infection in the United States. Clin Infect Dis 52:1294-306

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