This is a competing renewal K24 application for Viola Vaccarino, MD, PhD. The primary objective is to continue and expand an already successful research and mentoring program in patient-oriented research in the area of behavioral cardiology and mind-body relationships in cardiovascular disease (CVD). The success of this program was due in large part to the previous K24 support. The applicant was able to assemble substantial funding and collaboration opportunities, and attract many junior investigators who have worked productively under her mentorship;several have established an independent academic career. In order continue and build upon this work the PI seeks five additional years of protected time. The applicant's research involves the study of social, behavioral, and psychological determinants of cardiovascular risk, and the underlying mechanisms linking these factors to CVD. Her recent investigations supported by the K24 have produced significant contributions on the role of depression on the outcome of men and women with CVD, the role of inflammation, metabolic syndrome and autonomic function as they relate to depression, and role of genetic influences. Her most recent work has pioneered the concept of a central role played by genetic background in the relationship between depression and CVD or CVD risk factors. The applicant needs protected time to continue this pi^omising area of investigation and obtain new research grants. A main objective of the Pi's career development is maintaining and strengthening her mentoring program. The path to become a successful academic investigator is difficult and insecure. Patient-oriented researchers, especially those with clinical responsibilities, face special challenge. A critical goal ofthe Pi's program is to facilitate the route to academic advancement for promising new patient-oriented investigators. The applicant has become an essential member of many training programs at Emory and is a highly sought- after mentor. She seeks to secure protected time for the next five years so that she can continue her mentoring activities and expand them to attract a larger number of beginning investigators. Ultimately, Dr. Vaccarino's career goal is to contribute significantly to the advancement of the science and the clinical applications in the area of bio-behavioral relationships in CVD, through outstanding research and the training ofthe next generation of investigators.

Public Health Relevance

In this renewal application for a K24 Mid-Career Investigator Award, the PI seeks protected time to continue and expand a successful research and training program on mind-body relationships in cardiovascular disease. Specific areas of interest are the social, behavioral, and psychological determinants of cardiovascular risk, and the underlying mechanisms. A key goal is to facilitate the path to academic advancement for promising new patient-oriented investigators through training and mentoring.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research (K24)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-R (M1))
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Stoney, Catherine
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Emory University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Public Health
United States
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Magruder, Kathryn M; Goldberg, Jack; Forsberg, Christopher W et al. (2016) Long-Term Trajectories of PTSD in Vietnam-Era Veterans: The Course and Consequences of PTSD in Twins. J Trauma Stress 29:5-16
Klebaner, Daniella; Huang, Yunfeng; Hui, Qin et al. (2016) X chromosome-wide analysis identifies DNA methylation sites influenced by cigarette smoking. Clin Epigenetics 8:20
Hammadah, Muhammad; Al Mheid, Ibhar; Wilmot, Kobina et al. (2016) Telomere Shortening, Regenerative Capacity, and Cardiovascular Outcomes. Circ Res :
Van Dyke, Miriam E; Vaccarino, Viola; Quyyumi, Arshed A et al. (2016) Socioeconomic status discrimination is associated with poor sleep in African-Americans, but not Whites. Soc Sci Med 153:141-7
Goldberg, Jack; Magruder, Kathryn M; Forsberg, Christopher W et al. (2016) Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Aging Vietnam-Era Veterans: Veterans Administration Cooperative Study 569: Course and Consequences of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Vietnam-Era Veteran Twins. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 24:181-91
Vaccarino, Viola; Bremner, J Douglas (2016) Behavioral, emotional and neurobiological determinants of coronary heart disease risk in women. Neurosci Biobehav Rev :
Rooks, Cherie R; Ibeanu, Ijeoma; Shah, Amit et al. (2016) Young women post-MI have higher plasma concentrations of interleukin-6 before and after stress testing. Brain Behav Immun 51:92-8
Bell, Susan P; Schnipper, Jeffrey L; Goggins, Kathryn et al. (2016) Effect of Pharmacist Counseling Intervention on Health Care Utilization Following Hospital Discharge: A Randomized Control Trial. J Gen Intern Med 31:470-7
Rooks, Cherie; Veledar, Emir; Goldberg, Jack et al. (2015) Long-Term Consequences of Early Trauma on Coronary Heart Disease: Role of Familial Factors. J Trauma Stress 28:456-9
Shah, Amit; Vaccarino, Viola (2015) Heart Rate Variability in the Prediction of Risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. JAMA Psychiatry 72:964-5

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