Despite major advances in treatment during the past two decades, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of death and disability. The need for improved strategies for primary and secondary prevention is particularly urgent in African Americans, who suffer disproportionately from CVD and its complications, yet have less access to and receive poorer quality of treatment. The Candidate for this Patient-Oriented Research in Cardiovascular Disparities Award proposes to accomplish the following specific aims: 1) To amplify her work in understanding the mechanisms of racial disparities and testing multi-level interventions (patient, clinician, organizational, and community) that reduce disparities and;speed the translation of evidence-based approaches to HTN management into clinical and public health practice, and create models for future interventions;2) To train a new generation of scholars who are engaged in research to better understand causes and identify sustainable solutions to CVD disparities;and 3) to translate and disseminate of evidence generated from her research program into clinical and public health practice and policy by creating, maintaining, and further enhancing partnerships with community residents, health care provider organizations, health departments, community organizations and policy-makers and by using community-based participatory research principles to guide the research through all phases including planning, implementation, evaluation, translation, and dissemination.
Despite major advances in treatment during the past decade, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of death and disability. The need for improved strategies for primary and secondary prevention is particularly urgent in African Americans, who suffer disproportionately from CVD and its complications, yet have less access to and receive poorer quality of treatment. The candidate for this award proposes to apply her expertise in clinical epidemiology, health services research, and implementation science to mentor a cadre of patient-oriented scholars committed to identifying mechanisms for disparities in care and outcomes of CVD and implementing and disseminating effective treatment models for hypertension and its complications, with special emphasis on African Americans.
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|Hussain, Tanvir; Franz, Whitney; Brown, Emily et al. (2016) The Role of Care Management as a Population Health Intervention to Address Disparities and Control Hypertension: A Quasi-Experimental Observational Study. Ethn Dis 26:285-94|
|Hooper, Lisa M; Tomek, Sara; Roter, Debra et al. (2016) Depression, patient characteristics, and attachment style: correlates and mediators of medication treatment adherence in a racially diverse primary care sample. Prim Health Care Res Dev 17:184-97|
|Haider, Adil H; Schneider, Eric B; Sriram, N et al. (2015) Unconscious Race and Class Biases among Registered Nurses: Vignette-Based Study Using Implicit Association Testing. J Am Coll Surg 220:1077-1086.e3|
|Kan, Athena Wing-ga; Hussain, Tanvir; Carson, Kathryn A et al. (2015) The Contribution of Age and Weight to Blood Pressure Levels Among Blacks and Whites Receiving Care in Community-Based Primary Care Practices. Prev Chronic Dis 12:E161|
|Siddiqui, Mona; Cooper, Lisa A; Appel, Lawrence J et al. (2015) Recruitment and enrollment of African Americans and Caucasians in a health promotion trial for persons with serious mental illness. Ethn Dis 25:72-7|
|Schaa, Kendra L; Roter, Debra L; Biesecker, Barbara B et al. (2015) Genetic counselors' implicit racial attitudes and their relationship to communication. Health Psychol 34:111-9|
|Bleich, Sara N; Bandara, Sachini; Bennett, Wendy et al. (2015) Enhancing the role of nutrition professionals in weight management: A cross-sectional survey. Obesity (Silver Spring) 23:454-60|
|Hussain, Tanvir; Allen, Allyssa; Halbert, Jennifer et al. (2015) Provider perspectives on essential functions for care management in the collaborative treatment of hypertension: the P.A.R.T.N.E.R. framework. J Gen Intern Med 30:454-61|
|Haider, Adil H; Schneider, Eric B; Sriram, N et al. (2015) Unconscious race and social class bias among acute care surgical clinicians and clinical treatment decisions. JAMA Surg 150:457-64|
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