Cancer cells often display aberrant profiles of alternative splicing, leading to the production of protein isoforms that can increase cell proliferation, migration, and apoptotic resistance. My long-term goal is to establish an independent research lab, where I will elucidate molecular mechanisms by which alternative splicing misregulation plays a role in cancer by altering the expression of various oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes. Importantly, these findings will translate into the development of novel therapeutic strategies. The K99/R00 career award will help in achieving this goal by advancing my training in: antisense oligonucleotide technologies under the guidance of my primary mentor Dr. Adrian Krainer;next-generation sequencing under the co-mentorship of Dr. Michael Schatz;and metastatic breast cancer models under the co-mentorship of Dr. Mikala Egeblad. This training will complement my previous expertise in breast cancer research and RNA splicing mechanisms. The very stimulating scientific environment at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory will not only provide me with the expertise and facilities necessary for the completion of the mentored phase of this project, but will also prepare me to transition smoothly into an independent faculty position. During the K99 mentored phase, I will define the role of splicing factors and splicing misregulation in breast cancer. In the subsequent R00 independent phase, I will indentify oncogenic splicing events that could constitute therapeutic targets to pursue during my future independent research. We have previously demonstrated that overexpression of the splicing factor SRSF1 can transform human mammary epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo. We have also shown that SRFS1 levels are directly regulated by the MYC oncoprotein. However, additional splicing factors are also overexpressed in human breast tumors, suggesting that they may also play a role in breast cancer.
In Aim 1, during the K99 phase, I will determine the role of specific splicing factors in breast cancer using relevant cell and animal models that mimic the biological context in which the tumors arise. This includes: (i) identifying changes in alternative splicing events underlying splicing-factor- mediated transformation by next-generation RNA-sequencing in 3-D cultures of human mammary epithelial cells;and (ii) defining the metastatic potential of these oncogenic splicing factors using in vivo mouse models.
In Aim 2, during the K99 phase, I will determine the role of MYC in the regulation of alternative splicing in breast cancer, by identifying changes in both splicing-factor expression and in alternative splicing profiles by next-generation RNA-sequencing in a MYC-inducible cell culture system.
In Aim 3, during the R00 phase, I will determine the role of splicing factors in acquisition of resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors in breast cancer, by identifying changes in splicing-factor levels and i alternative splicing events. Finally, starting in the K99 phase and leading into the R00 phase, I will determine the therapeutic potential of using antisense oligonucleotides to modulate specific oncogenic alternative splicing events identified in Aims 1-3. The proposed research will identify not only splicing factors involved in breast cancer but also their regulators and specific targets. This plan will establish the basis for my independent research program, in which I plan to contribute to the development of new cancer therapies based on modulating the expression and activity of splicing factors or their targets.

Public Health Relevance

Alternative splicing is a key control point in gene expression, and its misregulation can contribute to malignancy by altering the expression of genes involved in cancer. This study will elucidate the role of factors regulating alternative splicing in breast cancer initiation and metastasis. By identifying these splicing factors, their specific targets and regulators, this research will contribute to the development of new cancer therapies based on modulating the expression or activity of these factors or their targets.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Career Transition Award (K99)
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Subcommittee B - Comprehensiveness (NCI)
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Schmidt, Michael K
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Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Cold Spring Harbor
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Anczuków, Olga; Krainer, Adrian R (2016) Splicing-factor alterations in cancers. RNA 22:1285-301
Anczuków, Olga; Krainer, Adrian R (2015) The spliceosome, a potential Achilles heel of MYC-driven tumors. Genome Med 7:107
Anczuków, Olga; Akerman, Martin; Cléry, Antoine et al. (2015) SRSF1-Regulated Alternative Splicing in Breast Cancer. Mol Cell 60:105-17