The primary goals of Project 1 are (1) to recruit a new national probability sample of 2,100 respondents (aged 25-54) as well as a new stratified sample of 500 African Americans from Milwaukee, Wl (also aged 25-54), and (2) carry out the 2nd longitudinal follow-up ofthe existing samples (MIDUS III). All respondents will complete the same set of assessments - a phone interview (or personal interview in Milwaukee) and selfadministered questionnaires - that were obtained at MIDUS II. A key reason for refreshing (augmenting) the MIDUS samples is to allow for investigation of period effects ofthe economic recession by comparing sameaged adults from the MIDUS I (pre-recession) sample assessed in 1995/96 with the refresher (postrecession) sample assessed in 2011/12 on a multitude of indicators of economic adversity, mental and physical health, and psychosocial moderators. The expanded sample sizes will also facilitate cross-project analyses focused on the interplay of sociodemographic, psychosocial, and biological influences on the health of mid- and later-life adults. The second primary objective, that of launching the 3rd wave of assessments on the existing MIDUS samples (? 5,500 respondents), will allow for more precise and reliable estimates of change in key variables as well as strengthen opportunities for testing psychosocial factors (negative and positive) as moderators or mediators of age-related changes in health. Our revision offers extensive evidence of the many lines of research that have been pursued with MIDUS survey data (255 publications to date, 59 of which are based on MIDUS II data), all of which will be advanced by the planned expansion of the sample and its related focus on the economic recession as well as by carrying out the next longitudinal follow-up of the existing sample. Project 1 also serves as the hub from which all other projects emanate, making its sample recruitment and data collection essential for moving forward all components ofthe MIDUS enterprise. Overall, our planned additions will allow MIDUS to become a major forum for investigating how the economic recession is affecting the health of young and midlife adults, while also move forward the next phase of assessments 9-10 years later (adhering to the interval between MIDUS I and MIDUS II) with the existing sample. In the longer term, our proposed plans lay the groundwork for longitudinal tracking of parallel samples of adults (aged 25-54) from different birth cohorts whose biopsychosocial aging is unfolding in the context of major economic upheaval - hence, our emphasis, akin to Elder's classic work, on adults of the great recession.
The societal significance ofthe proposed research is that MIDUS will advance knowledge of external life challenges, including economic adversity, along with intervening psychological outlooks and social relationships are consequential for later life health (morbidity and mortality). Because such psychosocial factors can serve as protective resources and, in addition, are modifiable, they serve as important targets for prevention and positive health promotion in the U.S. population, particulariy in difficult economic times.
|Cornman, Jennifer C; Glei, Dana A; Goldman, Noreen et al. (2015) Socioeconomic status and biological markers of health: an examination of adults in the United States and Taiwan. J Aging Health 27:75-102|
|Stephan, Yannick; Sutin, Angelina R; Terracciano, Antonio (2015) Subjective age and personality development: a 10-year study. J Pers 83:142-54|
|Sin, Nancy L; Graham-Engeland, Jennifer E; Almeida, David M (2015) Daily positive events and inflammation: findings from the National Study of Daily Experiences. Brain Behav Immun 43:130-8|
|Greenfield, Emily A; Reyes, Laurent (2015) Continuity and Change in Relationships with Neighbors: Implications for Psychological Well-being in Middle and Later Life. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 70:607-18|
|Pudrovska, Tetyana (2015) Gender and health control beliefs among middle-aged and older adults. J Aging Health 27:284-303|
|Kivimäki, Mika; Virtanen, Marianna; Kawachi, Ichiro et al. (2015) Long working hours, socioeconomic status, and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of published and unpublished data from 222?120 individuals. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 3:27-34|
|Kan, Chiemi; Kawakami, Norito; Karasawa, Mayumi et al. (2014) Psychological resources as mediators of the association between social class and health: comparative findings from Japan and the USA. Int J Behav Med 21:53-65|
|Luchetti, Martina; Barkley, James M; Stephan, Yannick et al. (2014) Five-factor model personality traits and inflammatory markers: new data and a meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology 50:181-93|
|Chung, Moo K; Kim, Seung-Goo; Schaefer, Stacey M et al. (2014) Improved Statistical Power with a Sparse Shape Model in Detecting an Aging Effect in the Hippocampus and Amygdala. Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 9034:90340Y|
|Curhan, Katherine B; Levine, Cynthia S; Markus, Hazel Rose et al. (2014) Subjective and Objective Hierarchies and Their Relations to Psychological Well-Being: A U.S/Japan Comparison. Soc Psychol Personal Sci 5:855-864|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 195 publications