Our goal is to investigate the impact of viral infecfion on alloreactivity on a human immune system. We will use humanized mice that develop a funcfional human immune system that can be infected with Epstein Barr Virus (EBV), lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCMV), or influenza A (lAV), viruses associated with allograft rejecfion. In C57BL/6 mice, we have shown that heterologous immunity induced by LCMV infection leads to virus-specific allo-cross-reactive CDS T cells that can reject skin allografts and prevent tolerance induced by costimulation blockade. Ne propose to test the hypothesis in humanized mice that virus infection leads to the generation of human virus specific allo-cross-reactive T cells that participate in rejection of human allografts. Humanized mice will allow analysis of these viruses using novel technologies to quantify naive and effector human alloreactive T cells and virus-induced allo-cross-reactive T cells. These analyses will permit direct determination of their ability to participate in allograft rejecfion. We also propose use of innovative siRNA in vivo delivery systems to block CD40-CD154 interaction.
Aim 1 is to investigate the immune response to alloantigens in human immune system-engrafted NOD-sc/d lL2rf"""""""""""""""" HLA-A2 mice transplanted with human islet or skin allografts. We will quantify the alloimmune response, determine kinefics of graft infiltration and allograft rejecfion, and establish models for studies of virus-induced heterologous immunity on allograft survival.
Aim 2 is to quantify virus-specific and alloimmune responses during acute virus infection in humanized mice treated with cosfimulation blockade. We will determine human immune responses to EBV, LCMV, and lAV, and quantify virusspecific and allospecific T cells that develop as a consequence of heterologous immunity. We will test the hypothesis that virus infection generates heterologous immunity by inducing the development of virus-specific allo-cross-reactive T cells that participate in allograft rejection. These unique resources, novel technologies, and combined expertise in transplantafion, humanized mice, virology, and siRNA technology provide an opportunity to investigate the role of heterologous immunitv induced bv virus infection on alloreactivity and graft rejecfion in a human immune svstem.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01AI046629-12
Application #
8375906
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-PTM-I)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2012-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
12
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$576,831
Indirect Cost
$204,002
Name
University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester
Department
Type
DUNS #
603847393
City
Worcester
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
01655
Che, Jenny W; Daniels, Keith A; Selin, Liisa K et al. (2017) Heterologous Immunity and Persistent Murine Cytomegalovirus Infection. J Virol 91:
Watkin, Levi B; Mishra, Rabinarayan; Gil, Anna et al. (2017) Unique influenza A cross-reactive memory CD8 T-cell receptor repertoire has a potential to protect against EBV seroconversion. J Allergy Clin Immunol 140:1206-1210
Aslan, Nuray; Watkin, Levi B; Gil, Anna et al. (2017) Severity of Acute Infectious Mononucleosis Correlates with Cross-Reactive Influenza CD8 T-Cell Receptor Repertoires. MBio 8:
Urban, Stina L; Berg, Leslie J; Welsh, Raymond M (2016) Type 1 interferon licenses naïve CD8 T cells to mediate anti-viral cytotoxicity. Virology 493:52-9
Hasgur, Suheyla; Aryee, Ken Edwin; Shultz, Leonard D et al. (2016) Generation of Immunodeficient Mice Bearing Human Immune Systems by the Engraftment of Hematopoietic Stem Cells. Methods Mol Biol 1438:67-78
Bryce, Paul J; Falahati, Rustom; Kenney, Laurie L et al. (2016) Humanized mouse model of mast cell-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis and passive systemic anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 138:769-779
Samanta, S; Sun, H; Goel, H L et al. (2016) IMP3 promotes stem-like properties in triple-negative breast cancer by regulating SLUG. Oncogene 35:1111-21
Cohen, Jessica L; Shen, Yuefei; Aouadi, Myriam et al. (2016) Peptide- and Amine-Modified Glucan Particles for the Delivery of Therapeutic siRNA. Mol Pharm 13:964-978
Tencerova, Michaela; Aouadi, Myriam; Vangala, Pranitha et al. (2015) Activated Kupffer cells inhibit insulin sensitivity in obese mice. FASEB J 29:2959-69
Gallagher, Glen R; Brehm, Michael A; Finberg, Robert W et al. (2015) Viral infection of engrafted human islets leads to diabetes. Diabetes 64:1358-69

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