The specific aims of Core A are to provide informatics and statistics services, of which there are four:
Specific Aim 1 Human gene variant database: To maintain a database of human germline or somatic sequence variation in five enzymes involved in DNA repair and recombination: NTHL1, NEIL1-3 and RAD51 Specific Aim 2 Prediction of the functional consequences of genetic variation: To use computational methods to identify germline or somatic sequence variants having, with high probability, altered function.
Specific Aim 3 Enzyme kinetics: To identify sequence variants that have altered catalytic function by designing and analyzing enzyme kinetics experiments.
Specific Aim 4 l /lutation spectrum analysis: To identify sequence variants that show alter genomic stability in cellular studies by analyzing mutation spectra. Core A services are aligned with the test of our central hypothesis, that defects in the enzyme families we study result in aberrant base excision and homology-directed repair which is the engine driving human carcinogenesis. The gene variant database and predictions of the functional consequences of genetic variation (Aims 1-2) will be used by Projects 1-3 to identify enzyme sequence variants for biochemical and cellular studies. The projects will produce data from biochemical and cellular studies, which will then be used by Core A to evaluate the consequences of genetic variation for catalysis (Aim 3, Enzyme kinetics analysis) and genomic stability (Aim 4, Mutation spectrum analysis).

Public Health Relevance

Core A will play an integral role in studies proposed by each Project and Core, both in experiment design and data analysis. Informatics and statistical services will support Project 1 Aims 1-3, Project 2 Aims 2-3, Project 3 Aims 2-3, Project 4 Aims 1-2, and Core B Aims 1-2. We expect the results of the studies proposed to advance our understanding of how variants in repair enzymes contribute to cancer susceptibility and as well provide useful targets for cancer therapy

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-RPRB-0)
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University of Vermont & St Agric College
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Galick, Heather A; Marsden, Carolyn G; Kathe, Scott et al. (2017) The NEIL1 G83D germline DNA glycosylase variant induces genomic instability and cellular transformation. Oncotarget 8:85883-85895
Silva, Michelle C; Bryan, Katie E; Morrical, Milagros D et al. (2017) Defects in recombination activity caused by somatic and germline mutations in the multimerization/BRCA2 binding region of human RAD51 protein. DNA Repair (Amst) 60:64-76
Robey-Bond, Susan M; Benson, Meredith A; Barrantes-Reynolds, Ramiro et al. (2017) Probing the activity of NTHL1 orthologs by targeting conserved amino acid residues. DNA Repair (Amst) 53:43-51
Maher, R L; Marsden, C G; Averill, A M et al. (2017) Human cells contain a factor that facilitates the DNA glycosylase-mediated excision of oxidized bases from occluded sites in nucleosomes. DNA Repair (Amst) 57:91-97
Cannan, Wendy J; Rashid, Ishtiaque; Tomkinson, Alan E et al. (2017) The Human Ligase III?-XRCC1 Protein Complex Performs DNA Nick Repair after Transient Unwrapping of Nucleosomal DNA. J Biol Chem 292:5227-5238
Zhou, Jia; Chan, Jany; Lambelé, Marie et al. (2017) NEIL3 Repairs Telomere Damage during S Phase to Secure Chromosome Segregation at Mitosis. Cell Rep 20:2044-2056
Marsden, Carolyn G; Jensen, Ryan B; Zagelbaum, Jennifer et al. (2016) The Tumor-Associated Variant RAD51 G151D Induces a Hyper-Recombination Phenotype. PLoS Genet 12:e1006208
Lee, Andrea J; Wallace, Susan S (2016) Visualizing the Search for Radiation-damaged DNA Bases in Real Time. Radiat Phys Chem Oxf Engl 1993 128:126-133
Cannan, Wendy J; Pederson, David S (2016) Mechanisms and Consequences of Double-Strand DNA Break Formation in Chromatin. J Cell Physiol 231:3-14
Silva, Michelle C; Morrical, Milagros D; Bryan, Katie E et al. (2016) RAD51 variant proteins from human lung and kidney tumors exhibit DNA strand exchange defects. DNA Repair (Amst) 42:44-55

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