Project #4 will investigate the role of P450 Arachidonic Acid (AA) metabolites in regulation of both function and growth of renal epithelial cells. Studies performed by this PPG and by others indicate a role for the P450 AA monooxygenase pathway in the pathophysiology of human hypertension, in salt sensitive natriuresis and in the progression of renal disease. There is increasing evidence that both EETs and 20-HETE serve as important natriuretic factors, with direct inhibitory effects on sodium transporters in renal epithelial cells. Based on previous studies by our group and by others, we propose that EETs and 20-HETE serve primarily as intracellular second messengers for certain growth factors and hormones, regulating other signal transduction pathways and ion channels and transporters in renal epithelial cells. Specifically, we will explore their role as second messengers for Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and dopamine, two agonists postulated to have important roles in regulation of renal epithelial salt and water homeostasis. In addition to their role as second messengers to mediate functional tubule responses, we and others have documented mitogenic and anti-apoptotic effects of P450 AA metabolites in vitro, and we hypothesize that they are also important in protection and recovery from ischemic injury of the mammalian kidney in vivo. In order to investigate these issues, we propose the follow specific aims:
Specific Aim I) Investigate intracellular signaling mechanisms of EETs as second messengers for renal EGF receptor activation and functional responses.
Specific Aim II) Investigate the role of P450 AA metabolites as second messengers for dopamine-mediated natriuresis Specific Aim III) Investigate the role of EETs in cytoprotection and recovery from acute tubule injury We hypothesize that sublethal renal injury may lead to increased P450 expression and function in mammalian

Public Health Relevance

These studies will investigate potential underlying mechanisms regulating salt and water homeostasis by the kidney and will determine if the P450 arachidonic acid metabolites are mediators of net natriuresis. Given the importance of altered kidney regulation of salt and water in the development/maintenance of hypertension, these studies may provide new insights into pathophysiology. In addition, these studies will determine if alterations of these compounds may underlie Dathophvsioloaic alterations in acute kidney injury.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-S)
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Vanderbilt University Medical Center
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Savas, Ãœzen; Wei, Shouzou; Hsu, Mei-Hui et al. (2016) 20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acid (HETE)-dependent Hypertension in Human Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4A11 Transgenic Mice: NORMALIZATION OF BLOOD PRESSURE BY SODIUM RESTRICTION, HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE, OR BLOCKADE OF THE TYPE 1 ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR. J Biol Chem 291:16904-19
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Capdevila, Jorge H; Wang, Wenhui; Falck, John R (2015) Arachidonic acid monooxygenase: Genetic and biochemical approaches to physiological/pathophysiological relevance. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 120:40-9

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