The Animal Core provides the investigators with chronically instrumented sheep and with non instrumented pregnant and nonpregnant animals. The specific goals of the Animal Core are: to obtain time- dated pregnant animals at 75 days of gestation;to prepare chronically instrumented juvenile and adult sheep for use in the different research projects;to conduct necropsies and facilitate the collection of tissues; and to facilitate the in vivo studies involving monitoring physiologic variables under acute or chronic conditions. Pregnant ewes are randomly assigned to receive either vehicle or betamethasone injections at 80 an 81 days gestation and lambs are allowed to deliver spontaneously at term. The Animal Core is essential for three of the research projects. The director of the core has more than 25 years of experience working with chronically instrumented fetal and pregnant animals. The Core provides the unique combination of the ability to infuse physiological amounts of putative regulators, the availability of plasma samples, in vivo recording of physiological variables and tissues for in vitro studies from the same animal in which in vivo studies have been conducted. Sheep will be chronically instrumented in order to obtain physiological data in animals that are not under the stress of anesthesia. We will use fime dated pregnant sheep provided to us by Hash, Inc. The supplies maintains a very large flock and has consistently provided us with healthy and accurately dated pregnant animals. All of these surgeries and manipulafions will be conducted within the Animal Core in the Perinatal Research Laboratory. Pregnant and adult sheep of both genders will be used. Betamethasone is administered in a manner similar to that used for stimulafing lung maturafion in the unborn human, i.e., two doses of a mixture of the acetate and phosphate form, given 24 hours apart. The only difference is that we will adjust for maternal body weight and give 0.17 mg/kg with a maximum of 12 mg/day.

Public Health Relevance

The animal core plays a central role as it coordinates the breeding, the surgeries and the necropsies for the different projects. It provides investigators with the expertise to instrument animal for either chronic or acute studies. Centralization of animal requirements translates in a more efficient operation that results in better use of the animal resources and reduces the total number of animals.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01HD047584-09
Application #
8712521
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-09-01
Budget End
2015-08-31
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Winston-Salem
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27157
Chappell, Mark C (2016) Biochemical evaluation of the renin-angiotensin system: the good, bad, and absolute? Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 310:H137-52
Nixon, Patricia A; Washburn, Lisa K; Michael O'Shea, Thomas et al. (2016) Antenatal steroid exposure and heart rate variability in adolescents born with very low birth weight. Pediatr Res :
Chen, Kai; Bi, Jianli; Su, Yixin et al. (2016) Sex-Specific Changes in Renal Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 Gene Expression and Enzyme Activity at Birth and Over the First Year of Life. Reprod Sci 23:200-10
Su, Yixin; Bi, Jianli; Pulgar, Victor M et al. (2015) Antenatal glucocorticoid treatment alters Na+ uptake in renal proximal tubule cells from adult offspring in a sex-specific manner. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 308:F1268-75
Washburn, Lisa K; Brosnihan, K Bridget; Chappell, Mark C et al. (2015) The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in adolescent offspring born prematurely to mothers with preeclampsia. J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst 16:529-38
Washburn, Lisa K; Nixon, Patricia A; Russell, Gregory B et al. (2015) Preterm Birth Is Associated with Higher Uric Acid Levels in Adolescents. J Pediatr 167:76-80
Wilson, Bryan A; Cruz-Diaz, Nildris; Marshall, Allyson C et al. (2015) An angiotensin-(1-7) peptidase in the kidney cortex, proximal tubules, and human HK-2 epithelial cells that is distinct from insulin-degrading enzyme. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 308:F594-601
Bi, Jianli; Contag, Stephen A; Chen, Kai et al. (2014) Sex-specific effect of antenatal betamethasone exposure on renal oxidative stress induced by angiotensins in adult sheep. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 307:F1013-22
Chappell, Mark C; Marshall, Allyson C; Alzayadneh, Ebaa M et al. (2014) Update on the Angiotensin converting enzyme 2-Angiotensin (1-7)-MAS receptor axis: fetal programing, sex differences, and intracellular pathways. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 4:201
Marshall, Allyson C; Shaltout, Hossam A; Pirro, Nancy T et al. (2014) Enhanced activity of an angiotensin-(1-7) neuropeptidase in glucocorticoid-induced fetal programming. Peptides 52:74-81

Showing the most recent 10 out of 48 publications