Neutrophils are the first line of defense in the cellular inflammatory response, and studying their behavior can lead to strategies for treating inflammatory disorders. Using quantitative tools and assays, we propose to investigate the fundamental mechano-chemical processes of adhesion and motility that control neutrophil extravasation from blood into tissue.
In aim 1, we will simulate integrin-mediated firm adhesion of a neutrophil by merging Adhesive Dynamics - a mechanically accurate method for modeling adhesion - with a stochastic simulation of inside-out signal transduction. These models will predict how the rate and extent of neutrophil firm adhesion are controlled by a neutrophil's internal molecular machinery. Furthermore, we will use stochastic signaling methods to analyze experiments performed in Project 3 in which a neutrophil held in a pipette is stimulated by impingement with a moleculariy-coated bead.
In aim 2, we will test predictions from the modeling in aim 1 by performing flow chamber adhesion experiments in which external and internal variables are systematically varied, to confirm that our quantitative understanding of the molecular control of adhesion is correct. Working closely with Projects 2 and 5, we will use pharmacological intervention, antibodies, and sIRNA technology to adjust neutrophil components and examine their effect on the transition to firm adhesion.
In aim 3, we will work with Core C and use traction force microscopy to examine the motility of neutrophils in well-defined gradients of chemoattractant. We have built a chamber that combines microfluidics, to impose well-defined chemoattractant gradients across cells, with traction force microscopy. The goal is to understand how speed and direction in neutrophil motility is related to force generation, and to understand how the molecular components in neutrophils control contractility. Previous work has shown that neutrophil directional motion is accompanied by strong loci of contractile traction stress in the uropod. Using pharmacological inhibition, antibodies and sIRNA technology, we will measure how key molecular players affect neutrophil polarity, the generation of traction stresses, and cell motion. In summary, our work will provide fundamental insights as to how molecular components control neutrophil function in inflammation.

Public Health Relevance

An understanding of the fundamental principles governing the action of neutrophils would be helpful for designing therapies to treat inflammatory diseases. Further, inflammation is connected to other diseases such as cancer, understanding and manipulating neutrophil behavior would have wide impact across the health sciences.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01HL018208-38
Application #
8691957
Study Section
Heart, Lung, and Blood Program Project Review Committee (HLBP)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-07-01
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
38
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Rochester
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Rochester
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
14627
Vats, Kanika; Marsh, Graham; Harding, Kristen et al. (2017) Nanoscale physicochemical properties of chain- and step-growth polymerized PEG hydrogels affect cell-material interactions. J Biomed Mater Res A 105:1112-1122
Henry, Steven J; Crocker, John C; Hammer, Daniel A (2016) Motile Human Neutrophils Sense Ligand Density Over Their Entire Contact Area. Ann Biomed Eng 44:886-94
Svetina, Saša; Kokot, Gašper; Kebe, Tjaša Švelc et al. (2016) A novel strain energy relationship for red blood cell membrane skeleton based on spectrin stiffness and its application to micropipette deformation. Biomech Model Mechanobiol 15:745-58
Marsh, Graham; Waugh, Richard E (2016) A simple approach for bioactive surface calibration using evanescent waves. J Microsc 262:245-51
Rocheleau, Anne D; Wang, Weiwei; King, Michael R (2016) Effect of Pseudopod Extensions on Neutrophil Hemodynamic Transport Near a Wall. Cell Mol Bioeng 9:85-95
Rocheleau, Anne D; Cao, Thong M; Takitani, Tait et al. (2016) Comparison of human and mouse E-selectin binding to Sialyl-Lewis(x). BMC Struct Biol 16:10
MacKay, Joanna L; Hammer, Daniel A (2016) Stiff substrates enhance monocytic cell capture through E-selectin but not P-selectin. Integr Biol (Camb) 8:62-72
Hind, Laurel E; Lurier, Emily B; Dembo, Micah et al. (2016) Effect of M1-M2 Polarization on the Motility and Traction Stresses of Primary Human Macrophages. Cell Mol Bioeng 9:455-465
Hughes, Andrew D; Marsh, Graham; Waugh, Richard E et al. (2015) Halloysite Nanotube Coatings Suppress Leukocyte Spreading. Langmuir 31:13553-60
Lim, Kihong; Hyun, Young-Min; Lambert-Emo, Kris et al. (2015) Visualization of integrin Mac-1 in vivo. J Immunol Methods 426:120-7

Showing the most recent 10 out of 249 publications