Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease involving a complex interplay between resident vascular wall cells and infiltrating immune cells. Loss of T cell homeostasis contributes to both plaque development and inflammation. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) inhibit atherosclerotic development and progression through suppression of immune responses, including the actions of pro-inflammatory T helper 17 (Th17) cells. We identified the expression of the nuclear receptors PPARy and REVERBa/B in thoracic periaortic Tregs and Th17 cells, respectively. Our underlying hypothesis is that the development of the atherogenic lesion is driven by a pro-inflammatory gene network that can be modulated at the transcriptional level by PPARy and REVERBa/B. Our approach is to employ complementary loss-of-function and drug? mediated gain-of-function mouse studies, as well as genome-wide transcriptomic and cistromic studies, to define the molecular mechanisms of PPARy and REVERBs actions in atherogenesis.
In Aim 1, we will employ a novel Treg-specific PPARy knockout mouse in combination with PPARy agonists, to understand the role of PPARy-dependent signaling in visceral adipose tissue-resident Tregs during the development of atherosclerosis.
In Aim 2 we will determine PPARy's genome-wide chromatin binding sites, define the PPARy-dependent transcriptome, and map the translatome (Ribo-seq) of peri-aortic fat Tregs in order to determine the signaling pathways and molecular mechanisms of PPARy action in Tregs.
In Aim 3 we will examine the role of REVERBa/B in attenuating pro-Inflammatory Th17 cells in the context of atherogenesis. These REVERBs naturally oppose RORy, the Th17 lineage specifier. Our approach is to utilize mice with selective deletion of both REVERBa and REVERBB in T cells, in combination with the biologically-available REVERB agonist, SR9009, to determine the consequences of REVERB signaling on the differentiation of Th17 cells and the resultant effects on the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Similarly, in Aim 4 we will identify direct and indirect target genes of REVERBa and REVERBB by comparing their genome? wide chromatin binding sites to the REVERB-dependent transcriptomes in Th17 cells, thereby shedding light on the mechanisms of REVERB-mediated repression. These highly integrated Aims employ biochemical, molecular, genetic, pharmacologic and physiologic approaches to clarify the competing roles of the immuno? suppressive Tregs and the pro-inflammatory Th17 cells in this disease. Characterization of the roles of these therapeutically-accessible nuclear receptors in these immune cell populations may lead to the development of novel small molecule drugs for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis.
This proposal is directed at identifying how nuclear receptors regulate the adaptive immune response integral to the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Insights gained from this work into the receptor-regulated pathways may lead to the development of new diagnostics and therapeutics for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in the Western world.
|Woller, Sarah A; Choi, Soo-Ho; An, Eun Jung et al. (2018) Inhibition of Neuroinflammation by AIBP: Spinal Effects upon Facilitated Pain States. Cell Rep 23:2667-2677|
|Jeong, Se-Jin; Kim, Sinai; Park, Jong-Gil et al. (2018) Prdx1 (peroxiredoxin 1) deficiency reduces cholesterol efflux via impaired macrophage lipophagic flux. Autophagy 14:120-133|
|Choi, Soo-Ho; Wallace, Aaron M; Schneider, Dina A et al. (2018) AIBP augments cholesterol efflux from alveolar macrophages to surfactant and reduces acute lung inflammation. JCI Insight 3:|
|Muse, Evan D; Yu, Shan; Edillor, Chantle R et al. (2018) Cell-specific discrimination of desmosterol and desmosterol mimetics confers selective regulation of LXR and SREBP in macrophages. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E4680-E4689|
|Wei, Zong; Yoshihara, Eiji; He, Nanhai et al. (2018) Vitamin D Switches BAF Complexes to Protect ? Cells. Cell 173:1135-1149.e15|
|Tsimikas, Sotirios; Fazio, Sergio; Ferdinand, Keith C et al. (2018) NHLBI Working Group Recommendations to Reduce Lipoprotein(a)-Mediated Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Aortic Stenosis. J Am Coll Cardiol 71:177-192|
|Winkels, Holger; Ley, Klaus (2018) Natural Killer Cells at Ease: Atherosclerosis Is Not Affected by Genetic Depletion or Hyperactivation of Natural Killer Cells. Circ Res 122:6-7|
|Liu, Chao; Han, Tianxu; Stachura, David L et al. (2018) Lipoprotein lipase regulates hematopoietic stem progenitor cell maintenance through DHA supply. Nat Commun 9:1310|
|Que, Xuchu; Hung, Ming-Yow; Yeang, Calvin et al. (2018) Oxidized phospholipids are proinflammatory and proatherogenic in hypercholesterolaemic mice. Nature 558:301-306|
|Senders, Max L; Que, Xuchu; Cho, Young Seok et al. (2018) PET/MR Imaging of Malondialdehyde-Acetaldehyde Epitopes With a Human Antibody Detects Clinically Relevant Atherothrombosis. J Am Coll Cardiol 71:321-335|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 172 publications