Venous thromboembolism (DVT/PE) is a major healthcare problem causing significant morbidity and mortality. According to the AHA, up to two million Americans are affected annually by deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and 200,000 die annually from one of its complications, pulmonary embolism (PE), more than breast cancer and AIDs combined. We and others have demonstrated that a significant inflammatory response occurs with venous thromboembolism and that this inflammation, through the production of procoagulant microparticles, leads to thrombus amplification. Plasminogen Activator lnhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is the primary inhibitor of plasminogen activators in plasma. It is secreted in an active form from liver and endothelial cells and is stabilized by binding to vitronectin. It inactivats both tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). PAI-1 levels are elevated by hyperlipidemia, and PAI-1 elevation appears to synergize with Factor V Leiden genetic abnormalities, a thrombophilic mutation of Factor V (Leiden) which renders it resistent to proteolytic degradation. It is plausible that elevated PAI-1 could suppress fibrinolysis and increase thrombosis. Studies on the role of elevated levels of PAI-1 to venous thrombosis have been contradictory. The purpose of this proposal is to determine the role of PAI-1 in venous thrombogenesis in a murine complete IVC ligtion venous thrombosis model (aim 1a) and a murine IVC stenosis-induced venous thrombosis model (aim 1b). Mice with PAI-1 deletion and PAI-1 overexpression will be studied, as will vitronectin deficient mice, mice with combined PAI-1/vitronectin deficiency, and wild type mice. We will also use pharmacologic PAI-1 inhibition. Thrombogenesis, vein wall/thrombus inflammation, the production of procoagulant microparticles, and thrombus/vein wall fibrosis will be evaluated. Additionally, we will determine the efficacy of PAI-1 inhibition after thrombogenesis, the roles of plasmin generation, and the role of thrombin in venous thrombosis in both models (aim 1c). Finally, we will study levels of PAI-1 in Factor V Leiden heterozygous and homozygous mice, ApoE hyperlipidemic mice, Egr-1 null mice (the Egr-1 site in the PAI-1 promoter region is induced by hypoxia, a characteristic of venous stasis), and wild type mice in both models (aims 2a, 2b). These levels of PAI-1 will be correlated to thrombosis. The results of this proposal should better define the role of PAI-1 in venous thrombogenesis.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01HL089407-05
Application #
8375060
Study Section
Heart, Lung, and Blood Initial Review Group (HLBP)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2013-03-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$227,286
Indirect Cost
$69,924
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Type
DUNS #
073133571
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
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Fredriksson, Linda; Nilsson, Ingrid; Su, Enming J et al. (2012) Platelet-derived growth factor C deficiency in C57BL/6 mice leads to abnormal cerebral vascularization, loss of neuroependymal integrity, and ventricular abnormalities. Am J Pathol 180:1136-44
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