Our laboratory has focused on understanding the mechanisms controlling acellular Hbs oxidative and nitrosafive toxicities in vitro and in vivo. Evidence is accumulating which suggests that reduction-oxidation "redox" reactions of free Hb and hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs), also known as "blood substitutes" do occur in vivo with some potentially serious clinical consequences. A primary focus of the research is based on the role of oxidants-mediated changes in acellular Hb under conditions that can mimic ischemia/reperfusion injury. Depending on whether host endogenous reductive mechanisms are employed or not, we will invesfigate Hb oxidative reactions in vivo using rats (ascorbate producing) or guinea pigs (ascorbate non-producing). The role of haptoglobin (Hp) and/or other antioxidant materials in supplemenfing endogenous antioxidant mechanisms will be invesfigated. For the investigation of effects of oxygen carrying HBOCs on cardiac

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
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Heart, Lung, and Blood Initial Review Group (HLBP)
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Albert Einstein College of Medicine
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Meng, Fantao; Tsai, Amy G; Intaglietta, Marcos et al. (2015) PEGylation of ??-Hb using succinimidyl propionic acid PEG 5K: Conjugation chemistry and PEG shell structure dictate respectively the oxygen affinity and resuscitation fluid like properties of PEG ??-Hbs. Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol 43:270-81
Yalcin, Ozlem; Ortiz, Daniel; Tsai, Amy G et al. (2014) Microhemodynamic aberrations created by transfusion of stored blood. Transfusion 54:1015-27
Alayash, Abdu I (2014) Blood substitutes: why haven't we been more successful? Trends Biotechnol 32:177-85
Belcher, John D; Chen, Chunsheng; Nguyen, Julia et al. (2014) Heme triggers TLR4 signaling leading to endothelial cell activation and vaso-occlusion in murine sickle cell disease. Blood 123:377-90
Liong, Celine; Ortiz, Daniel; Ao-ieong, Eilleen et al. (2014) Localized increase of tissue oxygen tension by magnetic targeted drug delivery. Nanotechnology 25:265102
Chatpun, Surapong; Cabrales, Pedro (2014) Nitric oxide synthase inhibition attenuates cardiac response to hemodilution with viscogenic plasma expander. Korean Circ J 44:105-12
Ortiz, Daniel; BriceƱo, Juan Carlos; Cabrales, Pedro (2014) Microhemodynamic parameters quantification from intravital microscopy videos. Physiol Meas 35:351-67
Mollan, Todd L; Jia, Yiping; Banerjee, Sambuddha et al. (2014) Redox properties of human hemoglobin in complex with fractionated dimeric and polymeric human haptoglobin. Free Radic Biol Med 69:265-77
Ortiz, Daniel; Barros, Marcelo; Yan, Su et al. (2014) Resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock using polymerized hemoglobin compared to blood. Am J Emerg Med 32:248-55
Sriram, Krishna; Intaglietta, Marcos; Tartakovsky, Daniel M (2014) Non-Newtonian flow of blood in arterioles: consequences for wall shear stress measurements. Microcirculation 21:628-39

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