The principal objective of this proposed study is to continue efforts to develop the most effective combination of behavioral interventions to optimize the health status of one of the most neglected and understudied populations affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in this country: Latina migrant workers. Findings from the current study with this population affirm the utility of cognitive-behavioral interventions in the short-term reduction of HIV-related risk behaviors, while improving awareness, self-efficacy, and coping skills. The proposed study will extend these findings in seeking to determine whether exposure to a Cognitive Behavioral HIV Prevention Intervention (A-SEMI II) can significantly produce long-term improvements in the ability of Latina migrant workers to take advantage of a health behavior change program encouraging the adoption and maintenance of healthier lifestyle behaviors (i.e., safer sexual practices and reduced alcohol use/abuse) essential for optimal health and in the context of preventing HIV infection. To accomplish these objectives, 250 Latina migrant workers from the Homestead and Florida City (South Florida) communities will be enrolled and randomized to one experimental intervention (A-SEMI II) and one comparison group (HPC) and followed at 6, 12, and 24 months to evaluate the long term effectiveness ofthe A-SEMI II intervention to improve health status and reduce HIV related high risk behavior. The proposed study follows a community based participatory research (CBPR) approach. This CBPR approach responds to the NIH priority on establishing equitable partnerships between community members and researchers with the final goal of increasing community participation in the research process, improving community health, and reducing HIVrelated health disparities.

Public Health Relevance

This research project will delineate important HIV intervention strategies that can be practically implemented to improve adoption and maintenance of HIV risk reduction behaviors among high risk Latina migrant workers. This will eventually lead to a reduction and elimination of HIV health disparities in Latino populations.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
2P20MD002288-06
Application #
8352475
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-RN (01))
Project Start
2011-12-01
Project End
2017-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
6
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$197,434
Indirect Cost
$47,779
Name
Florida International University
Department
Type
DUNS #
071298814
City
Miami
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
33199
Sanchez, Mariana; Dillon, Frank R; Concha, Maritza et al. (2015) The Impact of Religious Coping on the Acculturative Stress and Alcohol Use of Recent Latino Immigrants. J Relig Health 54:1986-2004
Sastre, Francisco; Sheehan, Diana M; Gonzalez, Arnaldo (2015) Dating, marriage, and parenthood for HIV-positive heterosexual Puerto Rican men: normalizing perspectives on everyday life with HIV. Am J Mens Health 9:139-49
Sheehan, Diana M; Trepka, Mary Jo; Fennie, Kristopher P et al. (2015) Rate of new HIV diagnoses among Latinos living in Florida: disparities by country/region of birth. AIDS Care 27:507-11
Sheehan, Diana M; Trepka, Mary Jo; Dillon, Frank R (2015) Latinos in the United States on the HIV/AIDS care continuum by birth country/region: a systematic review of the literature. Int J STD AIDS 26:12-Jan
Blackson, Timothy C; De La Rosa, Mario; Sanchez, Mariana et al. (2015) Latino Immigrants' Biological Parents' Histories of Substance Use Problems in Their Country of Origin Predict Their Pre- and Post-Immigration Alcohol Use Problems. Subst Abus 36:257-63
Sastre, Francisco; Rojas, Patria; Cyrus, Elena et al. (2014) Improving the health status of Caribbean people: recommendations from the Triangulating on Health Equity summit. Glob Health Promot 21:19-28
Trepka, Mary Jo; Fennie, Kristopher P; Sheehan, Diana M et al. (2014) Late HIV diagnosis: Differences by rural/urban residence, Florida, 2007-2011. AIDS Patient Care STDS 28:188-97
Sanchez, Mariana; De La Rosa, Mario; Blackson, Timothy C et al. (2014) Pre- to postimmigration alcohol use trajectories among recent Latino immigrants. Psychol Addict Behav 28:990-9
Rojas, Patria; Dillon, Frank R; Cyrus, Elena et al. (2014) Alcohol use as a determinant of HIV risk behaviors among recent Latino immigrants in south Florida. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 25:135-44
Sheehan, Diana M (2014) Marketing little cigars and cigarillos in African American communities. Am J Public Health 104:e1

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