This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy heavily damage hematopoietic stem cells (which must be protected throughout life). Approaches for improving efficiency of these therapies therefore should include measures to either increase tumor sensitivity, and/or reduce toxicity to these critical stem cells. The latter approach requires a careful dissection of survival signaling pathways in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. We previously discovered how Slug, a member of the Slug/Snail family of zinc-finger transcriptional repressors, allows myeloid progenitor cells to evade the lethal effects of genotoxic agents. In myeloid progenitors, Slug protects mice from gamma radiation-induced death in a cell autonomous manner by antagonizing p53's upregulation of Puma, a BH3-only proapoptotic factor of the mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway. Our findings further implicate Slug as a candidate key antiapoptotic factor in hematopoietic stem cells, and supporting data indicate that Slug is expressed by hematopoietic stem cells. It remains to be established whether Slug protects these essential cells from death due to DNA damage, and mechanistically how. To address these questions, we proposed two specific aims:
Aim 1 : Investigate the extent to which endogenous Slug protects hematopoietic stem cells from the lethal effects of gamma-radiation induced DNA damage Aim 2: Investigate whether enforced expression of Slug enhances protection of hematopoietic stem cells against lethal dose irradiation

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20RR018789-09
Application #
8360267
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-6 (01))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-05-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2012-05-31
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$235,944
Indirect Cost
Name
Maine Medical Center
Department
Type
DUNS #
071732663
City
Portland
State
ME
Country
United States
Zip Code
04102
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