The Clinical Core has been in operation for twenty years to provide services that foster the translational interface between basic science, clinical, behavioral, and epidemiologic investigators and HIV-infected patients.
The Specific Aims of the Clinical Core are: 1. To provide a Comprehensive Specimen Repository offering the efficient collection, processing, storage, quality assurance tracking, distribution, and shipping of clinical specimens obtained from wellcharacterized patients for collaborative investigations involving multiple research disciplines. 2. To provide an innovative Computerized Database and Informatics Service?the resources and equipment to store and access complex, interactive data and the expertise to assist with study design, identify subjects who meet entry criteria for research protocols, conduct appropriate data analyses and provide detailed and relevant interpretation of results. 3. To establish new methods and technologies to make clinical samples more readily accessible to CFAR members realizing that despite the numerous successes we have had in fostering innovative translational research, we must strive to improve this process. 4. To provide Research Training Services to support all levels (from students to research staff to seasoned faculty updating their skills) of domestic and international clinical research. While each of these services has been in operation since the beginning of our CFAR, each continues to grow and diversify substantially in response to investigator needs. Publications requiring Clinical Core services have continued to increase every year during the last funding period. Specimens are integrally linked with information in the Computerized Database, and this synergy has played an important role in new discoveries related to HIV pathogenesis, understanding immune responses and vaccine development. Recently, the medical record system and research database have become fully electronic, utilizing software completely designed and managed by CFAR investigators with expertise in informatics, statistics and computer technology. These advancements place CFAR investigators in a unique position to lead collaborative clinical database and outcomes-based national and international projects, and to contribute meaningfully to policy debates regarding health care access and cost-effectiveness. A variety of domestic research training services have been strengthened, while international research training efforts are best exemplified by Clinical Core support, in full collaboration with the International Core. These Clinical Core services are essential for the conduct of a vast array of HIV/AIDS research at DAB and around the world.

Public Health Relevance

The DAB CFAR is completely dependant on the Clinical Core for providing a variety of samples from well characterized patients to investigators performing innovative translational research. In fact, the majority of published work (78%) derived from Clinical Core services were synthesized from local and international independent investigators. Our Clinical Research Training services ensures that a continuous stream of young, local and international investigators become proficient in this area enabling an ever increasing group of individuals who will further the field of HIV translational research throughout the world.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-SV-A)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Alabama Birmingham
United States
Zip Code
Bateman, Allen C; Chibwesha, Carla J; Parham, Groesbeck P (2015) Minimizing verification bias in cervical cancer screening of HIV-infected women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 128:269-70
Miller, Michelle M; Akaronu, Nnenna; Thompson, Elizabeth M et al. (2015) Modulating DNA methylation in activated CD8+ T cells inhibits regulatory T cell-induced binding of Foxp3 to the CD8+ T Cell IL-2 promoter. J Immunol 194:990-8
Li, Jun; Hsu, Hui-Chen; Ding, Yana et al. (2014) Inhibition of fucosylation reshapes inflammatory macrophages and suppresses type II collagen-induced arthritis. Arthritis Rheumatol 66:2368-79
Mugavero, Michael J; Westfall, Andrew O; Cole, Stephen R et al. (2014) Beyond core indicators of retention in HIV care: missed clinic visits are independently associated with all-cause mortality. Clin Infect Dis 59:1471-9
Stevenson, Catherine; de la Rosa, Gonzalo; Anderson, Christopher S et al. (2014) Essential role of Elmo1 in Dock2-dependent lymphocyte migration. J Immunol 192:6062-70
Yuan, Furong; Yosef, Nejla; Lakshmana Reddy, Chetan et al. (2014) CCR2 gene deletion and pharmacologic blockade ameliorate a severe murine experimental autoimmune neuritis model of Guillain-Barré syndrome. PLoS One 9:e90463
Parker, Ivana Kennedy; Roberts, Ladeidra Monet; Hansen, Laura et al. (2014) Pro-atherogenic shear stress and HIV proteins synergistically upregulate cathepsin K in endothelial cells. Ann Biomed Eng 42:1185-94
Huijbregts, Richard P H; Michel, Katherine G; Hel, Zdenek (2014) Effect of progestins on immunity: medroxyprogesterone but not norethisterone or levonorgestrel suppresses the function of T cells and pDCs. Contraception 90:123-9
Sarzotti-Kelsoe, Marcella; Daniell, Xiaoju; Todd, Christopher A et al. (2014) Optimization and validation of a neutralizing antibody assay for HIV-1 in A3R5 cells. J Immunol Methods 409:147-60
Li, Hao; Hsu, Hui-Chen; Wu, Qi et al. (2014) IL-23 promotes TCR-mediated negative selection of thymocytes through the upregulation of IL-23 receptor and ROR?t. Nat Commun 5:4259

Showing the most recent 10 out of 564 publications