The Behavioral &Social Sciences Core (BSSC) is structured to provide services that facilitate interdisciplinary AIDS research among established, new, and transitional investigators. Although the BSSC Core does not direct the science of the behavioral AIDS program at Penn, our Core services are guided by a set of scientific priorities and principals that program members have identified as crucial to scientific discovery, translation, and public health impact. These priorities include investigations that seek to define, measure^""ahd"^xparrd"the~understahding"of the role of contextual factors (e.g. social, sexual, and drug using networks;community/geography;Mental health and substance abuse) within which HIV transmission occurs and infection exists. These factors are viewed as critical to understanding risk of infection, access and adherence to treatment. The BSS Core at Penn is also well positioned to expand the role of behavioral sciences in the design and evaluation of clinical trials of biomedical interventions (microbicides, vaccines, and therapeutics) and to facilitate scientific collaborations with other investigators (behavioral and interdisciplinary), both domestically and internationally is critical to the development of sustainable programs of AIDS research. The Core plans to accomplish its objectives through the delivery of services which include: 1) Research application and implementation support.through the provision of consultation on AIDS research application as investigators conceptualize and prepare applications for funding;2) Behavioral and biological assessment services to facilitate the expanded use of biological assays in behavioral research;3) Target population services to identify and recruit populations and individuals of scientific relevance to AIDS research;4) Support for the Penn CFAR Community Advisory Board (CAB) to develop a highly visible and active agenda of community education and research;and 5) Educational activities to stimulate integrated biological and behavioral research and advance our scientific priorities.

Public Health Relevance

The Behavioral &Social Sciences Core will use its resources to facilitate research initiatives that have the potential to develop and expand effective strategies that prevent HIV transmission, improve early identification and access to care, and enhace adherence to treatment.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-SV-A)
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University of Pennsylvania
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Gross, Robert; Bandason, Tsitsi; Langhaug, Lisa et al. (2015) Factors associated with self-reported adherence among adolescents on antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe. AIDS Care 27:322-6
Safren, Steven A; Biello, Katie B; Smeaton, Laura et al. (2014) Psychosocial predictors of non-adherence and treatment failure in a large scale multi-national trial of antiretroviral therapy for HIV: data from the ACTG A5175/PEARLS trial. PLoS One 9:e104178
Muluneh, Melaku; Shang, Wu; Issadore, David (2014) Track-etched magnetic micropores for immunomagnetic isolation of pathogens. Adv Healthc Mater 3:1078-85
Wohl, David A; Arnoczy, Gretchen; Fichtenbaum, Carl J et al. (2014) Comparison of cardiovascular disease risk markers in HIV-infected patients receiving abacavir and tenofovir: the nucleoside inflammation, coagulation and endothelial function (NICE) study. Antivir Ther 19:141-7
Nachega, Jean B; Parienti, Jean-Jacques; Uthman, Olalekan A et al. (2014) Lower pill burden and once-daily antiretroviral treatment regimens for HIV infection: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Clin Infect Dis 58:1297-307
Zetola, Nicola M; Modongo, Chawangwa; Olabiyi, Bisayo et al. (2014) Examining the relationship between alcohol use and high-risk sex practices in a population of women with high HIV incidence despite high levels of HIV-related knowledge. Sex Transm Infect 90:216-22
Haas, David W; Kwara, Awewura; Richardson, Danielle M et al. (2014) Secondary metabolism pathway polymorphisms and plasma efavirenz concentrations in HIV-infected adults with CYP2B6 slow metabolizer genotypes. J Antimicrob Chemother 69:2175-82
Ramirez, Lorenzo A; Daniel, Alexander; Frank, Ian et al. (2014) Seroprotection of HIV-infected subjects after influenza A(H1N1) vaccination is directly associated with baseline frequency of naive T cells. J Infect Dis 210:646-50
Liu, Weimin; Li, Yingying; Shaw, Katharina S et al. (2014) African origin of the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax. Nat Commun 5:3346
Blank, Michael B; Hennessy, Michael; Eisenberg, Marlene M (2014) Increasing quality of life and reducing HIV burden: the PATH+ intervention. AIDS Behav 18:716-25

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