PROJECT SUIVIMARY (See instructions): The activities of the International Core (Core I) are centered in Botswana, a country that serves as a remarkable success story for confronting the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Core I has made impressive advances in performing HIV/AIDS research that is relevant to the people of Botswana and that has advanced knowledge of the global epidemic. Markers of our accomplishments include the large number of NIH and Foundation grants in HIV/AIDS that Core I investigators have secured for their research in Botswana during the current funding cycle, the substantial growth in number and quality of publications, and the success at attaining national and international recognition for their research by junior faculty located at Penn and by junior faculty who are residing fulltime in Botswana as part of the Botswana-UPenn Partnership (BUP) program (an extension of Penn's campus in Botswana). The BUP has robust clinical and educational programs focused on providing care and technical assistance related to HIV and its complications, HIV-TB co-infection, multidrug resistant TB, cervical cancer screening in HIV infected women using the

Public Health Relevance

The Penn CFAR International Core has developed vibrant and highly productive research programs in collaboration with the Government of Botswana and the University of Botswana School of Medicine. The research focuses on HIV and its complications, tuberculosis, screening for cervical cancer in HIV infected women, and use of cell phones to improve health care delivery. The impact is substantial as Penn scientists partner with researchers in country to address some ofthe most pressing issues ofthe HIV/AIDS epidemic.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1)
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Moeller, Andrew H; Caro-Quintero, Alejandro; Mjungu, Deus et al. (2016) Cospeciation of gut microbiota with hominids. Science 353:380-2
Jacobson, Jeffrey M; Zheng, Lu; Wilson, Cara C et al. (2016) The Safety and Immunogenicity of an Interleukin-12-Enhanced Multiantigen DNA Vaccine Delivered by Electroporation for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 71:163-71
Enane, Leslie A; Gastañaduy, Paul A; Goldfarb, David M et al. (2016) Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination on Hospitalizations and Deaths From Childhood Gastroenteritis in Botswana. Clin Infect Dis 62 Suppl 2:S168-74
Fedor, Theresa M; Kohler, Hans-Peter; McMahon, James M (2016) Changing attitudes and beliefs towards a woman's right to protect against HIV risk in Malawi. Cult Health Sex 18:435-52
Musselwhite, Laura W; Andrade, Bruno B; Ellenberg, Susan S et al. (2016) Vitamin D, D-dimer, Interferon γ, and sCD14 Levels are Independently Associated with Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome: A Prospective, International Study. EBioMedicine 4:115-23
Dowshen, Nadia; Matone, Meredith; Luan, Xianqun et al. (2016) Behavioral and Health Outcomes for HIV+ Young Transgender Women (YTW) Linked To and Engaged in Medical Care. LGBT Health 3:162-7
Motshoge, Thato; Tawe, Leabaneng; Muthoga, Charles Waithaka et al. (2016) Cytochrome P450 2C8*2 allele in Botswana: Human genetic diversity and public health implications. Acta Trop 157:54-8
Liu, Weimin; Sundararaman, Sesh A; Loy, Dorothy E et al. (2016) Multigenomic Delineation of Plasmodium Species of the Laverania Subgenus Infecting Wild-Living Chimpanzees and Gorillas. Genome Biol Evol 8:1929-39
Song, Jinzhao; Mauk, Michael G; Hackett, Brent A et al. (2016) Instrument-Free Point-of-Care Molecular Detection of Zika Virus. Anal Chem 88:7289-94
Chehoud, Christel; Dryga, Anatoly; Hwang, Young et al. (2016) Transfer of Viral Communities between Human Individuals during Fecal Microbiota Transplantation. MBio 7:e00322

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