The HIV epidemic is driven by a complex interplay between biology, human behavior, societal and environmental factors The Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Core (G) of the UNC/FHI/RTI CFAR is led by Dr. Carol Golin. The overarching focus of the Core is to support and expand innovative translational research by providing access to cutting edge social and behavioral science methods;mechanisms to stimulate interdisciplinary collaborations;and leadership, training and mentoring in critical and emerging areas of HIV research. The Core includes a dedicated staff of 11 individuals with the skills needed to achieve this goal. The Core will accomplish its overarching goal through a number of aims and activities, including by providing specific services to researchers interested in exploring social, psychological, and structural factors affecting the HIV epidemic, including assistance in aspects of quantitative research, such as customized computer-assisted interviews, scale selection using the Core G-developed web-based instrument archive, and lab space to administer surveys. The Core also offers services in qualitative research, geospatial sampling and a mobile van to access hard-to-reach population, as well as theory-based behavioral and health communications conceptual models, and modular intervention trainings. The Core is housed in the Department of HBHE on the UNC Health Affairs campus close to most CFAR users. Core G also includes an easy-to-access, non-stigmatizing, off-campus lab for users to conduct computer interviews. The core supports a broad range of international and domestic research ranging across individual, dyadic, community and broader structural and policy levels. During the previous four years of the current funding cycle we have assisted 84 users in support of 53 NIH awards as well as other projects funded by CDC, AHRQ, HRSA and industry The Core also provides scientific leadership and extensive mentoring including cross-CFAR and NIH network efforts. Core G has a role to play in the research efforts within the UNC/FHI/RTI CFAR that is vital to its continued success. The services and networking provided by Core G are invaluable and not duplicated by other Cores or facilities at UNC, FHl or RTI.

Public Health Relevance

The Social and Behavioal Sciences Research Core will support and expand innovative translational research addressing behavioral/social structural factors affecting HIV care and prevention, assisting CFAR users with measurement, interventions, and accessing vulnerable populations. We will also mentor junior HIV investigators. Our goal is to enhance interdisciplinary research to improve health outcomes related to HIV.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30AI050410-17
Application #
8708742
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-ELB-A)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-08-01
Budget End
2015-07-31
Support Year
17
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$353,648
Indirect Cost
$114,357
Name
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Department
Type
DUNS #
608195277
City
Chapel Hill
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27599
White, Becky L; Walsh, Joan; Rayasam, Swati et al. (2015) What Makes Me Screen for HIV? Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to Conducting Recommended Routine HIV Testing among Primary Care Physicians in the Southeastern United States. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care 14:127-35
Jennings, Larissa; Rompalo, Anne M; Wang, Jing et al. (2015) Prevalence and correlates of knowledge of male partner HIV testing and serostatus among African-American women living in high poverty, high HIV prevalence communities (HPTN 064). AIDS Behav 19:291-301
Rosen, David L; Golin, Carol E; Grodensky, Catherine A et al. (2015) Opt-out HIV testing in prison: informed and voluntary? AIDS Care 27:545-54
Evon, Donna M; Golin, Carol E; Bonner, Jason E et al. (2015) Adherence during antiviral treatment regimens for chronic hepatitis C: a qualitative study of patient-reported facilitators and barriers. J Clin Gastroenterol 49:e41-50
Joseph, Sarah B; Arrildt, Kathryn T; Sturdevant, Christa B et al. (2015) HIV-1 target cells in the CNS. J Neurovirol 21:276-89
Edwards, Jessie K; Cole, Stephen R; Adimora, Adaora et al. (2015) Illustration of a measure to combine viral suppression and viral rebound in studies of HIV therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:241-4
Onsomu, Elijah O; Abuya, Benta A; Okech, Irene N et al. (2015) Association between domestic violence and HIV serostatus among married and formerly married women in Kenya. Health Care Women Int 36:205-28
O'Shea, Michele S; Rosenberg, Nora E; Hosseinipour, Mina C et al. (2015) Effect of HIV status on fertility desire and knowledge of long-acting reversible contraception of postpartum Malawian women. AIDS Care 27:489-98
Cole, Stephen R; Lau, Bryan; Eron, Joseph J et al. (2015) Estimation of the standardized risk difference and ratio in a competing risks framework: application to injection drug use and progression to AIDS after initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Am J Epidemiol 181:238-45
Rahangdale, Lisa; De Paris, Kristina; Kashuba, Angela D M et al. (2015) Immunologic, virologic, and pharmacologic characterization of the female upper genital tract in HIV-infected women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:420-4

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