The scientific goals and central themes of the Mouse Models and Cancer Stem Cells Program are to investigate different aspects of stem cell function, including self renewal, reprogramming, and dedifferentiation and differentiation, using mouse, Drosophila, Xenopus, and zebrafish as models, with the goal of learning more about embryonic, tissue and cancer stem cells. Linked to this are major efforts to use induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology to study mechanisms of genomic reprogramming, including changes in DNA methylation patterns, to learn how cancer stem cells might arise through genomic reprogramming, and to develop "disease-in-a dish" models of human diseases. Developmental signaling pathways that are often reactivated and used to drive cancer cell phenotypes are being studied, including the Wnt/p-catenin pathway, the ERBB2, RET, and TAM receptor tyrosine kinases, and TGF-p pathways. The development and use of mouse models to study cancer biology and the role of inflammation in carcinogenesis are also important goals, and also to utilize lentivirus vectors for cancer therapy and for development of new cancer models. The program includes twelve members from eight different Laboratories (Departments), see the following page for a list of personnel. The NCI and other peer-reviewed cancer related support (direct costs) for the last budget year was $10,760,318. The substantial NIH and other federal support for this program is outlined in the table of externally funded research projects. The total number of cancer-relevant publications by members of this program in the last grant period (2008- 2012) was 237. Of the total publications, 7% were intraprogrammatic and 12% were interprogrammatic.

Public Health Relevance

The study of human cancer requires the development of animal models that recapitulate human disease. This program will focus on development of mouse models and stem cell approaches to studying cancer.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
2P30CA014195-41
Application #
8934260
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Program Officer
Ciolino, Henry P
Project Start
2013-12-01
Project End
2018-11-30
Budget Start
2013-12-01
Budget End
2014-11-30
Support Year
41
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$39,041
Indirect Cost
$19,055
Name
Salk Institute for Biological Studies
Department
Type
DUNS #
078731668
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92037
Aslanian, Aaron; Yates 3rd, John R; Hunter, Tony (2014) Mass spectrometry-based quantification of the cellular response to methyl methanesulfonate treatment in human cells. DNA Repair (Amst) 15:29-38
Lew, Erin D; Oh, Jennifer; Burrola, Patrick G et al. (2014) Differential TAM receptor-ligand-phospholipid interactions delimit differential TAM bioactivities. Elife 3:
Chaix, Amandine; Zarrinpar, Amir; Miu, Phuong et al. (2014) Time-restricted feeding is a preventative and therapeutic intervention against diverse nutritional challenges. Cell Metab 20:991-1005
Xia, Yifeng; Shen, Shen; Verma, Inder M (2014) NF-?B, an active player in human cancers. Cancer Immunol Res 2:823-30
Islam, Md Soriful; Catherino, William H; Protic, Olga et al. (2014) Role of activin-A and myostatin and their signaling pathway in human myometrial and leiomyoma cell function. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99:E775-85
Evans, Ronald M; Mangelsdorf, David J (2014) Nuclear Receptors, RXR, and the Big Bang. Cell 157:255-66
Liu, Guang-Hui; Suzuki, Keiichiro; Li, Mo et al. (2014) Modelling Fanconi anemia pathogenesis and therapeutics using integration-free patient-derived iPSCs. Nat Commun 5:4330
Buchwalter, Abigail L; Liang, Yun; Hetzer, Martin W (2014) Nup50 is required for cell differentiation and exhibits transcription-dependent dynamics. Mol Biol Cell 25:2472-84
Hatori, Megumi; Gill, Shubhroz; Mure, Ludovic S et al. (2014) Lhx1 maintains synchrony among circadian oscillator neurons of the SCN. Elife 3:e03357
Korf, Katharina; Wodrich, Harald; Haschke, Alexander et al. (2014) The PML domain of PML-RAR? blocks senescence to promote leukemia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:12133-8

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