A tremendous amount of progress has been made in identifying the pathways of pathological importance in cancer and in the validation of steps in these pathways as therapeutic targets. However, the genetic heterogeneity among cancers, and the utilization by different tumor types of different growth and survival pathways has made it difficult to realize the therapeutic potential of even the most tractable targets. Addressing this impediment to progress is a central theme of the research being undertaken by members of the Women's Cancer Program where the development of therapeutic strategies that are tailored to specific cancer subtypes is a primary focus. These efforts have led to the identification of targets the inhibition of which are likely to selectively impact triple negative breast cancer, endocrine resistant ER-positive breast cancers, Inflammatory breast cancer, thyroid cancer, and gynecologic cancers. This successful strategy will be continued in the next funding period with efforts being directed towards (a) the definition of pathways of pathological importance in different women's cancers the exploitation of which will yield new strategies for therapeutic intervention, (b) identification and validation of biomarkers which will help to define specific disease characteristics and/or report on the efficacy of treatment regimens, and (c) development of and accrual to innovative clinical trials that build upon the scientific expertise of the program members. These initiatives will be facilitated by the existing infrastructure of the program and by the new opportunities for interaction that are contemplated. The collective experience of 30 primary and 15 secondary program members from across 12 different departments will be brought to bear on these research questions and these initiatives will be supported by a significant portfolio of research grants (~$14M cancer funding/year) that the program has amassed. The Women's Cancer Program is an exceptionally productive and interactive group of scientists having published 706 papers in the past funding period of which 203 were the product of inter-programmatic interactions.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30CA014236-44
Application #
9404315
Study Section
Subcommittee I - Transistion to Independence (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2018-01-01
Budget End
2018-12-31
Support Year
44
Fiscal Year
2018
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Duke University
Department
Type
DUNS #
044387793
City
Durham
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27705
Wu, Mengxi; Huang, Po-Hsun; Zhang, Rui et al. (2018) Circulating Tumor Cell Phenotyping via High-Throughput Acoustic Separation. Small 14:e1801131
Vlahovic, Gordana; Meadows, Kellen L; Hatch, Ace J et al. (2018) A Phase I Trial of the IGF-1R Antibody Ganitumab (AMG 479) in Combination with Everolimus (RAD001) and Panitumumab in Patients with Advanced Cancer. Oncologist 23:782-790
Xu, Yinghui; Liu, Hongliang; Liu, Shun et al. (2018) Genetic variant of IRAK2 in the toll-like receptor signaling pathway and survival of non-small cell lung cancer. Int J Cancer 143:2400-2408
Feng, Yun; Wang, Yanru; Liu, Hongliang et al. (2018) Novel genetic variants in the P38MAPK pathway gene ZAK and susceptibility to lung cancer. Mol Carcinog 57:216-224
Naqvi, Ibtehaj; Gunaratne, Ruwan; McDade, Jessica E et al. (2018) Polymer-Mediated Inhibition of Pro-invasive Nucleic Acid DAMPs and Microvesicles Limits Pancreatic Cancer Metastasis. Mol Ther 26:1020-1031
Wen, Juyi; Liu, Hongliang; Wang, Lili et al. (2018) Potentially Functional Variants of ATG16L2 Predict Radiation Pneumonitis and Outcomes in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer after Definitive Radiotherapy. J Thorac Oncol 13:660-675
Li, Bo; Wang, Yanru; Xu, Yinghui et al. (2018) Genetic variants in RORA and DNMT1 associated with cutaneous melanoma survival. Int J Cancer 142:2303-2312
Gearhart-Serna, Larisa M; Jayasundara, Nishad; Tacam Jr, Moises et al. (2018) Assessing Cancer Risk Associated with Aquatic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Pollution Reveals Dietary Routes of Exposure and Vulnerable Populations. J Environ Public Health 2018:5610462
Bakthavatsalam, Subha; Sleeper, Mark L; Dharani, Azim et al. (2018) Leveraging ?-Glutamyl Transferase To Direct Cytotoxicity of Copper Dithiocarbamates against Prostate Cancer Cells. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 57:12780-12784
Dai, Ziwei; Mentch, Samantha J; Gao, Xia et al. (2018) Methionine metabolism influences genomic architecture and gene expression through H3K4me3 peak width. Nat Commun 9:1955

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