The Environmental and Molecular Carcinogenesis Program integrates 27 investigators (24 full members and 3 associate members) from several different departments on NYU campuses of Sterling Forest and the School of Medicine, sharing a common interest in understanding the Environmental causes of cancer. The overall goal of the Program is to understand the environmental etiology of cancer and to use this information for cancer prevention and early detection. The EMC Research Program focuses on the following goals: (1) Identifying the mechanisms of action for environmental carcinogens, with a strong focus on inorganic compounds, such as arsenic, nickel, chromium, and cadmium by investigating their effects on the structure and function of cellular macromolecules;(2) The formation of reactive oxygen species, their biochemistry, and the biological effects that might result from their cellular interactions;(3) The mutational specificity of carcinogens and the site-specific mutagenesis of particular DNA lesions, the molecular basis for genetic susceptibility to environmental agents, the effects of hormones on gene expression, carcinogenesis, and chemoprevention;and (4) Epigenetic mechanisms of carcinogenesis. To achieve these goals, research in this Program is divided thematically into four groups: 1) DNA adducts, DNA Damage and Repair;2) Carcinogenesis and Animal Models;3) Early Detection and Chemoprevention;and 4) Cell Signaling and Epigenetic Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis. Drs. Max Costa and William Rom are the Co-Leaders for this Program. Total funding decreased from $17,628,704 to $7,570,910 since the last competitive application. Membership has decreased from 47 to 28. Publications for the period total 323, of which 17% are intraprogrammatic, 16.1% are inter-programmatic, and 4% are both intra- and inter-programmatic collaborations.

Public Health Relevance

The Environmental and Molecular Carcinogenesis Program integrates investigators whose research aims to understand the environmental etiology of cancer and to use this information for cancer prevention and early detection, with the ultimate goal of reducing the risk of cancer occurrence and death and improving the quality of life of cancer survivors.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30CA016087-34
Application #
8765169
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
34
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$14,613
Indirect Cost
$5,992
Name
New York University
Department
Type
DUNS #
121911077
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10016
Zakhar, Joseph; Amrock, Stephen M; Weitzman, Michael (2016) Passive and Active Tobacco Exposure and Children's Lipid Profiles. Nicotine Tob Res 18:982-7
Pham, Alissa M; Santa Maria, Felicia Gilfoy; Lahiri, Tanaya et al. (2016) PKR Transduces MDA5-Dependent Signals for Type I IFN Induction. PLoS Pathog 12:e1005489
Kim, Sungheon G; Feng, Li; Grimm, Robert et al. (2016) Influence of temporal regularization and radial undersampling factor on compressed sensing reconstruction in dynamic contrast enhanced MRI of the breast. J Magn Reson Imaging 43:261-9
Lau, Colleen M; Nish, Simone A; Yogev, Nir et al. (2016) Leukemia-associated activating mutation of Flt3 expands dendritic cells and alters T cell responses. J Exp Med 213:415-31
Vogelsang, Matjaz; Martinez, Carlos N; Rendleman, Justin et al. (2016) The Expression Quantitative Trait Loci in Immune Pathways and their Effect on Cutaneous Melanoma Prognosis. Clin Cancer Res 22:3268-80
Pylayeva-Gupta, Yuliya; Das, Shipra; Handler, Jesse S et al. (2016) IL35-Producing B Cells Promote the Development of Pancreatic Neoplasia. Cancer Discov 6:247-55
Abdu, Yusuff; Maniscalco, Chelsea; Heddleston, John M et al. (2016) Developmentally programmed germ cell remodelling by endodermal cell cannibalism. Nat Cell Biol 18:1302-1310
Reynaud, Olivier; Winters, Kerryanne Veronica; Hoang, Dung Minh et al. (2016) Pulsed and oscillating gradient MRI for assessment of cell size and extracellular space (POMACE) in mouse gliomas. NMR Biomed 29:1350-63
Domènech-Estévez, Enric; Baloui, Hasna; Meng, Xiaosong et al. (2016) Akt Regulates Axon Wrapping and Myelin Sheath Thickness in the PNS. J Neurosci 36:4506-21
Wu, Jing; Peters, Brandilyn A; Dominianni, Christine et al. (2016) Cigarette smoking and the oral microbiome in a large study of American adults. ISME J 10:2435-46

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