The Gastrointestinal (Gl) Cancer Program (Program #6), one of the original programs of the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson, is a multidisciplinary program composed of 25 full and 5 associate members representing 8 departments within Jefferson Medical College (Pathology;Cancer Biology;Family Medicine;Internal Medicine;Medical Oncology;Pharmacology;Radiology;Surgery), the Christiana Care Health System (Helen F. Graham Cancer Center), and Drexel University, whose over-arching goal is to define fundamental mechanisms underlying Gl malignancies which can be translated into diagnostic and therapeutic innovations for managing cancer in patients and populations. Their work is supported by ?~$7.7M in peer-reviewed funding, representing an increase of -75% from $4.4M during the past funding period. Also, program members have published 561 papers, representing almost a doubling compared to the previous funding period. Of those, >17% were intra-programmatic, representing a tripling of the previous rate, and >16% were inter-programmatic. Program members pursue parallel efforts organized along organ based disease processes from discovery through translation to clinical development and application. Members employ common and collaborative experimental paradigms with the goals of (1) defining previously unappreciated molecular, genetic, and epigenetic mechanisms underlying Gl organ-based tumorigenesis, (2) translating defined mechanisms into novel in vitro and in vivo tools to improve prevention, early detection, prognosis, prediction, and risk-stratification in Gl malignancies, (3) defining molecularly targeted therapeutic approaches for cancer prevention, treatment, and control, (4) advancing novel laboratory discoveries into development for clinical trials, and (5) advancing clinically successful diagnostic and therapeutic trials into evidence-based practice for cancer prevention and control across populations. In that context, enrollment of patients in Gl cancer-based clinical trials has increased ~15-fold compared to the past funding period. Members are interactive and cohesive and, under the direction of Program Leaders, coordinate research planning and new research directions with other research programs in the Cancer Center.
The goal of scientists and clinicians in the Gl Cancer Program is to produce new tools to manage patients with esophageal, liver, pancreatic, and colorectal cancer. To do this, they identify molecular mechanisms that cause these diseases and design clinical trials of new diagnostics and therapeutics. These approaches will improve the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Gl cancers for individual patients and populations.
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|Basile, Kevin J; Le, Kaitlyn; Hartsough, Edward J et al. (2014) Inhibition of mutant BRAF splice variant signaling by next-generation, selective RAF inhibitors. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 27:479-84|
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|Bhardwaj, Anshul; Casjens, Sherwood R; Cingolani, Gino (2014) Exploring the atomic structure and conformational flexibility of a 320?Å long engineered viral fiber using X-ray crystallography. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 70:342-53|
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|Li, Yuan; Liang, Chunli; Ma, Haizhong et al. (2014) miR-221/222 promotes S-phase entry and cellular migration in control of basal-like breast cancer. Molecules 19:7122-37|
|Wilson, Chantell; Lin, Jieru E; Li, Peng et al. (2014) The paracrine hormone for the GUCY2C tumor suppressor, guanylin, is universally lost in colorectal cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 23:2328-37|
|Khasnis, Mukta; Nakatomi, Akiko; Gumpper, Kristyn et al. (2014) Reconstituted human myosin light chain phosphatase reveals distinct roles of two inhibitory phosphorylation sites of the regulatory subunit, MYPT1. Biochemistry 53:2701-9|
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