The mission ofthe Minnesota Obesity Center is to find ways to prevent weight gain, and the onset of obesity and complications of obesity. Obesity is a major source of illness and death, and is the most common nutritional ailment in the United States. Little is known about effective measures to prevent obesity. Obese individuals can more easily lose weight than maintain the loss. Prevention of initial weight gain should be emphasized, and failing that, prevention of regain after weight loss. Four goals are established: 1) find the underlying problems that lead to obesity, 2) identify behaviors that lead to obesity and find ways to help change those behaviors, 3) seek means to prevent obesity-related co-morbidities and 4) determine public health and public policy measures that will reduce the frequency and severity of obesity. The Center will promote studies directed at these aims by: assisting principal investigators in conducting relevant research by providing resources through the core system;stimulating new interest and collaborations in research into obesity, eating disorders and energy metabolism;supporting new research in these areas related to obesity; and supporting education in obesity and eating disorders in the academic and public communities. The research base consists of 75 investigators with 137 funded projects generating over 34 million dollars per year in grant support. Five cores are proposed: 1) Administration will provide vision, leadership, and oversight of other core activities, 2) Molecular and Cellular Basis of Obesity Core will assist investigators pursuing research projects on the fundamental mechanisms that control or affect adiposity and energy metabolism, 3) Disordered Eating Assessment Core will assist in the assessment of disordered eating and other psychopathology, and the development of interventions for such disordered eating, 4) Epidemiology and Intervention Core is to make high quality services for epidemiological and behavioral intervention studies available, 5) Metabolic Studies Core Laboratory will provide access to established and state-of-the-art methods for studying energy metabolism and nutrient partitioning at the whole body level. Resources for oilot/feasibilitv proiects and an educational program will be established.
The Minnesota Obesity Center's mission is to find ways to prevent weight gain, obesity and the complications of obesity. Obesity is a major source of illness and death, and is the most important public health problem in the U.S. Despite its prevalence, little is known about effective measures to prevent obesity and its attendant complications. The Center will support work focused on prevention of initial weight gain, prevention of regain after weight loss, and prevention of obesity complications.
|Santosa, S; Swain, J; Tchkonia, T et al. (2015) Inflammatory characteristics of adipose tissue collected by surgical excision vs needle aspiration. Int J Obes (Lond) 39:874-6|
|Kim, Young-Mi; Jung, Chang Hwa; Seo, Minchul et al. (2015) mTORC1 phosphorylates UVRAG to negatively regulate autophagosome and endosome maturation. Mol Cell 57:207-18|
|Accurso, Erin C; Norman, Gregory J; Crow, Scott J et al. (2014) The role of motivation in family-based guided self-help treatment for pediatric obesity. Child Obes 10:392-9|
|Chow, Lisa S; Mashek, Douglas G; Austin, Erin et al. (2014) Training status diverges muscle diacylglycerol accumulation during free fatty acid elevation. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 307:E124-31|
|Ben-Ner, Avner; Hamann, Darla J; Koepp, Gabriel et al. (2014) Treadmill workstations: the effects of walking while working on physical activity and work performance. PLoS One 9:e88620|
|Hames, Kazanna C; Vella, Adrian; Kemp, Bradley J et al. (2014) Free fatty acid uptake in humans with CD36 deficiency. Diabetes 63:3606-14|
|Rajjo, Tamim I; Harteneck, Debra A; Jensen, Michael D (2014) Direct free fatty acid storage in different sized adipocytes from the same depot. Obesity (Silver Spring) 22:1275-9|
|Hahn, Wendy S; Kuzmicic, Jovan; Burrill, Joel S et al. (2014) Proinflammatory cytokines differentially regulate adipocyte mitochondrial metabolism, oxidative stress, and dynamics. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 306:E1033-45|
|Goldschmidt, Andrea B; Crosby, Ross D; Cao, Li et al. (2014) Ecological momentary assessment of eating episodes in obese adults. Psychosom Med 76:747-52|
|Davidge-Pitts, Caroline; Escande, Carlos J; Conover, Cheryl A (2014) Preferential expression of PAPPA in human preadipocytes from omental fat. J Endocrinol 222:87-97|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 407 publications